Thought for the day

"The problem we face today is that the people who work for a living are outnumbered by those who vote for a living." -- George Bernard Shaw (1856- 1950)


The term Dust Bowl was coined in 1935 when an AP reporter, Robert Geiger, used it to describe the drought-hit south-central United States after a severe dust storm.


Historically, the Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that caused much damage to the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian basins during the 1930s.


For decades, rumors circulated in Russia that Joseph Stalin had a "twin" who took his place during certain situations. Decades after Stalin's death, Noah finally decided to speak up.


Felix Dadaev, a former dancer and juggler, was ordered to work in the Kremlin as Stalin's body double. For more than half a century, Dadaev remained silent, fearing the death penalty he dared to open his mouth.


On December 18, 1879, Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (later known as Joseph Stalin) was born in the Russian peasant village of Gori, Georgia.


The son of Bessaryan Jugashvili, a cobbler, and Ketevan Geladze, a washerman, Yusuf was a weak child. At the age of 7, he contracted smallpox, which left his face scorched.


A few years later he was injured in a car accident, leaving his arm slightly deformed (some accounts state that the discomfort in his arm was the result of blood poisoning from the injury).



Tehran was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943.


It was held at the Embassy of the Soviet Union in Tehran, Iran. It was the first of the World War II conventions of the "Big Three" Allied leaders (the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom).


The conference was to be held on 28 November 1943 at 16:00. Stalin arrived much earlier, followed by Roosevelt, in a wheelchair from his residence adjacent to the venue.


Beginning with the invasion of Sicily in July of 1943, and with the D-Day invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, Allied forces fought against Axis powers in several locations in Western Europe.


The first Allied forces landed on the Italian peninsula on September 3, 1943, and Italy surrendered on September 8 (although the Italian Social Republic of Mussolini was soon established). On September 9, 1943, the 1st US Army landed in Salerno. The Germans launched a fierce counterattack.


The D-Day invasion of Normandy on 6 June 1944 was a massive undertaking involving approximately 6,939 Allied ships, 11,590 aircraft and 156,000 troops.


The military term "D-day" refers to the day when a combat operation is to begin, and "H-hour" is the exact time the operation is to begin. This concept allows military strategists to plan an operation in advance, even when the exact date and time of action are still unknown.


Members of the French Resistance are photographed in the middle of a fight against German troops during the liberation of Paris. We see a man in provisional army uniform on the left and a young man on the right.


Then, most surprisingly, we see a woman in shorts, with a patterned top and a military cap in the center. The picture of this young female fighter will become a symbol of women's participation in the resistance.


On August 25, French general Philippe Leclerc triumphantly entered the liberated French capital. Pockets of German dogma remained, but Paris was free from German control. Two days earlier, a French armored division had begun advancing on the capital.


Members of the Resistance, now called the Interior French Legion, proceeded to free all French civilian prisoners in Paris. The Germans were still counterattacking, setting fire to the Grand Palace, which the Resistance had taken over, and killing small groups of Resistance fighters as they encountered them in the city.

Paris in the 19th century was as infamous for its pungent odor as it was for revolutionary riots. The streets were full of rubbish and horse dung, and anyone who was caught short in the open simply relieved themselves of where they stood.


To remedy this, the city's prefect Rambuteau ordered the construction of public urinals – phallic-looking structures with inbuilt plumbing that allow Paris' male population to urinate with relative dignity.