Standing at the end of the night on August 13, 1961, the Berlin Wall (known in German as the Berliner Mauer) was a physical division between West Berlin and East Germany. Its purpose was to prevent disgruntled East Germans from fleeing west.
When the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989, its destruction was as immediate as its construction. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall has been a symbol of the Cold War and the iron curtain between Soviet-led communism and the democracies of the West. When it fell, it was celebrated around the world.