Thought for the day

"Ignorance is a virus. Once it starts spreading, it can only be cured by reason. For the sake of humanity, we must be that cure." -- Neil deGrasse Tyson

Before anyone ever heard the word "cowgirl," there were women who headed west. Most traveled with their families on covered wagons as early as the 1840s.

 

They moved from crowded eastern cities to settle in western states such as Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. Some wagon trains eventually went even further to California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington.

 

The Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings were one of the worst IRA atrocities on the British mainland, killing 11 soldiers and seven horses and injuring dozens.

Bombs were detonated within a few hours on July 20, 1982, and it was time for maximum casualties. Military casualties were quickly remedied. But the lens of the long-range camera captured terrifying detail, with the crumpled remains of a car bomb surrounded by dead horses.

During World War II, the US military was required to train hundreds of thousands of civilians and various training methods were born with the aim of preparing soldiers for the battlefield as quickly and efficiently as possible.

Posters, comics, training movies and even cartoons were used to help train new soldiers. One of the most interesting and effective practical training educational tools was the use of giant simulated weapons as a way to help the soldier better understand the parts and mechanics of a weapon.

It is easy to find the courage necessary to support a moral position if that position benefits oneself. True moral courage, however, is proven when one chooses to support that which is morally and ethically right even when such a position is to one's one detriment.

The construction of the Berlin Wall in August 1961 divided families and neighborhoods in Germany's capital. The Wall represents a uniquely brutal, violent, and ultimately pointless, episode in the post-war world. Life changed overnight in Berlin.

Roads, metro lines, bus lines, tramlines, canals and rivers were divided. Family members, friends, lovers, classmates, work colleagues and others suddenly parted ways. In some cases, children who went to visit their grandparents on the other side of the border were suddenly cut off from their parents.

The story of the Berlin Wall began in the early hours of August 13, 1961, when the government of East Germany ordered the closure of all borders between East and West Berlin. As the sun rose that morning, Berliners were woken up by the sound of trucks, jackhammers and other heavy machinery.

 

Seen by Soviet soldiers and East German police, workers began tearing down roads, sidewalks and other structures, before laying thousands of meters of temporary but impassable fences, barricades and barbed wire.

 

Soon after Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba in 1959, he visited the United States for two weeks, invited by the American Society of Newspaper Editors.

The trip had all the features of a diplomatic tour—he met with American officials, appeared on Meet the Press, and visited national sites such as Mount Vernon and the Lincoln Memorial.

Eisenhower left Washington to play golf instead of meeting Castro. Vice President Nixon met with Castro in a 3-hour long meeting. Nixon asked about the elections, and Castro told him that the Cuban people did not want elections.

The Islamic Republic imposes strict rules on Iranian life. This extended photo collection shows Iranian society before the Islamic Revolution of 1979 and, it is clear, that Iran was a very different world.

It was also a world that looked brighter for women. And, as everyone knows, when things get better for women, things get better for everyone. After the revolution, 70 years of progress in Iranian women's rights were withdrawn almost overnight.

The 1979 revolution, which brought together Iranians from many different social groups, has its roots in Iran's long history.