On 27 June 1953, United Nations Command (UNC) and North Korean communist forces signed an armistice to end three years of fighting in Korea. Although the US-led UNC failed to conquer the entire peninsula, it successfully repelled communist attacks south of the 38th parallel.
Furthermore, although unlike the Geneva Convention of 1947, which mandated the wholesale exchange of all POWs, President Truman's policy of voluntary repatriation proved highly successful: 47,000 Chinese and North Korean prisoners of war chose not to return. struck a propaganda blow against his Marxist governments. to his motherland.
In September, however, 23 US prisoners of war also refused repatriation, sparking a nationwide debate among journalists, politicians, military officials, psychiatrists, and the soldiers themselves.
During the 90-day cooling-off period, the GI was held in a neutral zone in Panmunjom, but only two changed their minds in response to requests from US officials and letters from the GI's families.