Thought for the day

"It is incredible that this must be said, but the obvious seems to escape politicized academics, so we must state the obvious: Genocide is deliberate; it is premeditated. There is no genocide without premeditation. The murders are not unfortunate coincidences. This is why it is called "mass MURDER" and not "mass MANSLAUGHTER." -- A.E. Samaan

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The Durbar of 1903 was held in Delhi to celebrate the succession of the British monarch King Edward VII (the great-grandfather of the current British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II) as the Emperor of India.

The Delhi Durbar was organized by Lord Curzon, India’s viceroy at the time. The original plan was for Edward himself to come to India for a special coronation ceremony, but when the King refused (he was conspicuously less interested in India than Victoria had been), Curzon decided to stage a massive spectacle instead.

Posted on: Sep 25 15:37

As a sequel to the successful 1939 New York World's Fair, the Second World's Fair opened on April 22, 1964, and its theme was "Peace Through Understanding". 650 acres (210 ha) of pavilions, public spaces, and exhibits from around the world.

 

Countries, cities, corporations and private groups set up shops to display their ideas. The theme symbol was a 12-story, stainless-steel model of the Earth, called the Unisphere, built on the foundations of the Perisphere from the 1939 World's Fair.

 

The fair is noted as a showcase of mid-20th century American culture and technology. The nascent space age, with its expansion of promise, was well represented.

 

Posted on: Sep 25 15:33

Before anyone ever heard the word "cowgirl," there were women who headed west. Most traveled with their families on covered wagons as early as the 1840s.

 

They moved from crowded eastern cities to settle in western states such as Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. Some wagon trains eventually went even further to California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington.

 

After the Civil War, more and more people sought new life in the West. For nearly thirty years, from the 1840s to the late 1860s, the largest migration occurred in the country's history.

Posted on: Sep 25 15:24

In this infamous photo, we see infamous Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar standing in front of the White House in Washington DC. The boy standing beside Escobar is his only son. He also took his family on a first class trip to Disneyland around the same time.

That's the North Portico of the White House, and that means Escobar and his son are standing on the sidewalk next to Pennsylvania Avenue, which was open to vehicular traffic at the time. Any pedestrian could walk down the street and pose for a similar picture - and in fact, you can still do so today, although the fence is overgrown.

 

Posted on: Sep 25 15:17

Located halfway between Medellin and the city of Bogota, Colombia's capital, Hacienda Napoles was a sprawling ranch owned by drug baron Pablo Escobar.

 

In the early 1980s, after Escobar became wealthy but before he began the campaign of assassinations and bombings that nearly tore Colombia apart, he built himself a zoo. At the peak of his power, Escobar was estimated to be worth over $30 billion.

 

He smuggled in elephants, giraffes and other exotic animals, among them four hippopotamuses – three females and one male. And usually with grand gestures, they allowed the public to move freely around the zoo.

 

 

The entrance was decorated with a Piper airplane, used by Escobar to fly his first shipment of cocaine to the United States, and the grounds were populated with sculptures of dinosaurs and other creatures.

Posted on: Sep 25 15:13

Belgrade Zoo chimpanzee Sami became a media sensation when he managed to escape twice in February 1988. He took a thoughtful walk around Central Belgrade before he was caught after a long "conversation" with the zoo's director, Vuk Bojovic.

 

Sami was born in 1979 at the Osijek Zoo and Aquarium. He was a well developed specimen with a strong build and a thick coat. Sami arrived at the Belgrade Zoo in January 1988 and was placed in a tight, battered enclosure with a reinforced grid that was nominally capable of holding an adult chimpanzee.

 

Accustomed to his new unattractive surroundings, Sami exhibited signs of depression and aggressive behavior during his first few weeks at the zoo.

 

Sami's first escape occurred on a cold Sunday evening of 21 February 1988. Local news indicated that he was looking for a mate as he had no mates in his new enclosure.

Posted on: Sep 25 15:09

The vertical parking solution was first used in Paris, France in 1905 at the Garage Rue de Ponthieu. The system consisted of a massive multi-storey concrete structure with an internal car lift to lift cars to the upper levels where attendants parked the cars.

Posted on: Sep 25 15:03

On September 16, 1920, hundreds of Wall Street workers came out to lunch, a horse-drawn carriage parked in front of the world's most powerful banking institution – JPMorgan Bank.

Inside the wagon, a 100-pound (45 kg) dynamite with a 500-pound (230 kg) heavy, cast iron sash weight exploded in a timer-set explosion, tearing the weight through the air.

The horse and wagon were torn to small pieces, but the driver is believed to have abandoned the vehicle and fled. The powerful explosion turned the country's financial center into a terrifying war zone and killed 38 people and seriously injured hundreds.

The noise was heard throughout lower Manhattan and across the East River in Brooklyn. The smoky streets were covered with broken glass, debris from damaged buildings and bodies.

Posted on: Sep 25 14:57

The Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings were one of the worst IRA atrocities on the British mainland, killing 11 soldiers and seven horses and injuring dozens.

Bombs were detonated within a few hours on July 20, 1982, and it was time for maximum casualties. Military casualties were quickly remedied. But the lens of the long-range camera captured terrifying detail, with the crumpled remains of a car bomb surrounded by dead horses.

Part of the power of the image is that it shows how indiscriminate the attack was. Soldiers were normally the primary target, but terrorists were willing to accept whatever collateral damage they did to them – including these horses. The dead and dying horses reinforce the brutality of the act and thus the power of the image.

These devices were involved in a series of IRA bombs that exploded in London over a period of four years, killing 20 people and injuring nearly 200.

Posted on: Sep 25 14:52

During World War II, the US military was required to train hundreds of thousands of civilians and various training methods were born with the aim of preparing soldiers for the battlefield as quickly and efficiently as possible.

Posters, comics, training movies and even cartoons were used to help train new soldiers. One of the most interesting and effective practical training educational tools was the use of giant simulated weapons as a way to help the soldier better understand the parts and mechanics of a weapon.

One of the earliest of these training aids was once the double size "Device-3-F-3". In 1943, the Army and the Naval Research Special Equipment Center collaborated to create a large, non-firing, sectional training model of the M1918A2 Browning automatic rifle.

Posted on: Sep 25 14:49

Quadruple-vaccinated Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla, who claimed back in April 2021 that his company's mRNA covid vaccine "was 100% effective in preventing covid," announced Saturday that he has come down with covid for the second time in two months.

Posted on: Sep 25 11:22

After capturing the Reichstag in May 1945 and hoisting its flag on its roof, Soviet soldiers made their mark in other ways, writing their names, feelings, thoughts, and hometowns on the walls of the famous building.

Written in Cyrillic script, they include slogans such as "Hitler Kaput" and the names of individual soldiers. Most writing is just "[Russian city] to Berlin" or just "[Russian city] - Berlin" with a name or "Kilroysky was here".

, On the right at the base of the column, just above the head of the statue, "From Moscow to Berlin, Major Yakovlev" is written. On the left column in the circle with the star, "From Leningrad to Berlin" is written with a name.

After the war, the Reichstag remained vacant while the West German Parliament established in Bonn and the East German Parliament were located in East Berlin. In the 1960s, the building was renovated, during which most of the original architecture was destroyed. After reunification in 1990, the German parliament voted to move back from Bonn to Berlin.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:52

The construction of the Berlin Wall in August 1961 divided families and neighborhoods in Germany's capital. The Wall represents a uniquely brutal, violent, and ultimately pointless, episode in the post-war world. Life changed overnight in Berlin.

Roads, metro lines, bus lines, tramlines, canals and rivers were divided. Family members, friends, lovers, classmates, work colleagues and others suddenly parted ways. In some cases, children who went to visit their grandparents on the other side of the border were suddenly cut off from their parents.

By 1953, the lines between East Germany and the Western Occupied Territories could be easily crossed in most places. Then the inner border of East Germany was closed. Berlin became the main route by which East Germans left for the West. The Berlin sector border was essentially a "loophole" through which citizens of the Eastern Bloc could still escape.

The 3.5 million East Germans who had left by 1961 were about 20% of the total East German population. The loss was disproportionately heavy among professionals—engineers, technicians, physicians, teachers, lawyers, and skilled workers.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:47

This is a picture of an East German soldier helping a little boy cross the newly built Berlin Wall on the day it was built. A boy who was left behind while trying to escape from people and families stranded on different sides of the border. The soldier is young, and his eyes, looking warily over his shoulder, are filled with fear. And yet, he persisted.

Despite being ordered by the East German government not to allow anyone into East Berlin, the soldier helped the boy sneak through the Barbwehr. It was reported that the soldier was caught doing this charitable act by his superior officer, who removed the soldier from his unit. Hopefully, his sentence was modest and he was not imprisoned or shot. The description in this photo comes with the caveat that "no one knows what happened to him".

But how did this little boy end up on the opposite side of the wall from his parents? According to the Checkpoint Charlie Museum in Berlin, his father, one of the boy's parents, accompanied the boy to West Germany to visit relatives, while the rest of the boy's family was at home in the east.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:39

The story of the Berlin Wall began in the early hours of August 13, 1961, when the government of East Germany ordered the closure of all borders between East and West Berlin. As the sun rose that morning, Berliners were woken up by the sound of trucks, jackhammers and other heavy machinery.

 

Seen by Soviet soldiers and East German police, workers began tearing down roads, sidewalks and other structures, before laying thousands of meters of temporary but impassable fences, barricades and barbed wire.

 

They worked for several days, completely encircling the western areas of Berlin and cutting them off from the eastern areas of the city.

 

 

The Berliners were in shock. "A concentration camp barrier" extended through the center of Berlin, the then mayor - and later chancellor - Willy Brandt said in front of the city's parliament a few hours later.

 

The Berlin Wall would remain in place for exactly 10,315 days, becoming a symbol of the Cold War and dividing the world into two hostile blocs: the capitalist West and the Communist East.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:36

In October 1961, border disputes led to a standoff and the world was on the brink of war for 16 hours, while Soviet and American tanks faced each other just 300 feet (100 m) away.

 

In August 1961, Washington and its British and French allies failed to prevent the Soviet Union from building the Berlin Wall. On 27 October, after several days of East German attempts to show identification documents to American authorities before entering East Berlin, ten American M-48 tanks took position (thus indirectly rather than the Soviet occupation authority). acknowledging East German sovereignty) at Checkpoint Charlie.

 

There they stood about 50 meters from the border, noisily racing their engines and sending plumes of black smoke into the night air. Alarmed by the apparent threat, Moscow, with the approval of the Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, sent an equal number of Russian T55 tanks to confront the Americans with a rumble.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:29

On April 27, 1963, the leader of the Cuban Revolution made his first visit to the USSR, a trip that lasted forty days. He managed to see a lot of cities and visit many factories, secret military bases, a nuclear submarine, walk through Moscow without security guards, talk to officials and ordinary people. He became the first foreigner to appear on the mausoleum stage and even received the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:23

Soon after Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba in 1959, he visited the United States for two weeks, invited by the American Society of Newspaper Editors.

The trip had all the features of a diplomatic tour—he met with American officials, appeared on Meet the Press, and visited national sites such as Mount Vernon and the Lincoln Memorial.

Eisenhower left Washington to play golf instead of meeting Castro. Vice President Nixon met with Castro in a 3-hour long meeting. Nixon asked about the elections, and Castro told him that the Cuban people did not want elections.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:21

The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.

The crisis was unique in many ways, including calculations and miscalculations, as well as direct and covert communication and miscommunication between the two sides.

The dramatic crisis was also characterized by the fact that it played out primarily at the White House and Kremlin levels, with relatively little input from the relevant bureaucracy that was usually involved in the foreign policy process.

In October 1962, President John F. Kennedy was informed of the discovery of a U-2 spy-plane of Soviet nuclear-tipped missiles in Cuba. The President immediately resolved that this could not be tolerated.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:18

A guerrilla soldier aims a Stinger missile at an aircraft passing near a remote rebel base in the Safed Koh Mountains in Afghanistan on February 10, 1988. The end of the Soviet military occupation that began in 1979 has made the Afghan army more vulnerable to these guerrilla forces, who are fighting the Russian-established Afghan government.

The Soviet decision to pull out of Afghanistan was motivated by political concerns, not fear of the Stinger or its efficacy. The war was unpopular domestically, it was unpopular within the Soviet military, it attracted international outrage, and it rapidly became a far longer and bloodier conflict than anticipated. This was all true before the introduction of the Stinger, and the Stinger was, more and more, an agitating factor.

The Mujahideen didn't even need a Stinger to shoot down Soviet aircraft, although it certainly helped. The Bear Went Over the Mountain (1996) details a 1985 attack in which 4 (of 8) Mi-8 transport helicopters were shot down by Mujahideen anti-aircraft guns.

 

Posted on: Sep 25 05:13

The Islamic Republic imposes strict rules on Iranian life. This extended photo collection shows Iranian society before the Islamic Revolution of 1979 and, it is clear, that Iran was a very different world.

It was also a world that looked brighter for women. And, as everyone knows, when things get better for women, things get better for everyone. After the revolution, 70 years of progress in Iranian women's rights were withdrawn almost overnight.

The 1979 revolution, which brought together Iranians from many different social groups, has its roots in Iran's long history.

These groups, which included clergy, landowners, intellectuals and businessmen, first came together in the Constitutional Revolution of 1905–11.

However, amidst social tensions, as well as foreign intervention from Russia, the United Kingdom, and later, the United States, efforts at satisfactory reform were continually suppressed.

Posted on: Sep 25 05:09

The sex-trafficking investigation into Republican Rep. Matt Gaetz of Florida, which Gaetz himself said was part of an extortion scheme organized by agents of the Israeli government, has reportedly fallen apart due to the two main witnesses against him getting exposed for having massive credibility issues.

Posted on: Sep 24 04:05