WHAT REALLY HAPPENED | The History The US Government HOPES You Never Learn!


THOUGHT FOR THE DAY!

"I will not attack your doctrines nor your creeds if they accord liberty to me. If they hold thought to be dangerous - if they aver that doubt is a crime, then I attack them one and all, because they enslave the minds of men.

I attack the monsters, the phantoms of imagination that have ruled the world. I attack slavery. I ask for room -- room for the human mind." -- Robert G. Ingersoll, The Ghosts and Other Lectures

YOUR RANDOM DHS MONITORED PHRASE OF THE DAY

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THIS DAY IN HISTORY.

August 31

Please forgive the occasional duplicates as this is a compilation from multiple sources.

YEAR EVENT

12 Birth of Gaius Caligula, Roman Emperor (d. 41)

12 Holiday - Afflux (50 Aftermath) (Discordianism)

12 Holiday - Buddhism - The Enlightenment of Gautama Buddha

12 Holiday - Bulgaria - Day of the Student (studentski praznik)

12 Holiday - Italy - In Milan, the opera season starts.

12 Holiday - Malta - Public Holiday.

12 Holiday - Panama - Mother's Day

12 Holiday - R.C. Saints - The solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary: a Holy Day of Obligation

12 Holiday - Romania - Constitution Day

161 Birth of Commodus, Roman Emperor (d. 192)

651 Death of Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and missionary

1056 Byzantine Empress Theodora dies suddenly without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty

1056 Death of Theodora, Byzantine Empress (b. 981)

1057 Leofric husband of Lady Godiva, dies.

1234 Death of Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)

1372 Death of Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301)

1422 Death of King Henry V of England (b. 1387)

1535 Pope Paul II deposed and excommunicated King Henry VIII.

1569 Birth of Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1627)

1645 Death of Francesco Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566)

1654 Death of Ole Worm, Danish physician (b. 1588)

1663 Birth of Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (d. 1705)

1688 Death of John Bunyan, English writer (b. 1628)

1688 John Bunyan preacher/novelist/author of "Pilgrim's Progress,", dies.

1721 Birth of George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775)

1730 Death of Gottfried Finger, Czech composer (b. 1660?)

1741 Death of Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681)

1772 Death of William Borlase, English naturalist (b. 1695)

1772 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica.

1778 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in the Bronx during Revolution.

1782 Death of George Croghan, American colonist

1795 Death of Frantois-AndrT Danican Philidor, French chess player (b. 1726)

1798 $162,821 is stolen at night from vaults of the Bank of Pennsylvania, the first bank robbery in the USA.

1799 Death of Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)

1811 Birth of ThTophile Gautier Tarbas France, writer/poet (Albertus).

1814 Death of Arthur Phillip, British admiral, first Governor of New South Wales (b. 1738)

1821 Birth of Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician (d. 1894)

1829 The opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris).

1834 Birth of Amilcare Ponchielli Paderno Italy, composer (I Lituani).

1842 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress.

1843 Birth of Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1919)

1850 California pioneers organized at Montgomery and Clay Streets.

1864 American Civil War: Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta, Georgia.

1864 Atlanta Campaign - Battle of Jonesborough.

1867 Death of Charles Baudelaire, French poet (b. 1821)

1870 Birth of Maria Montessori Italy, educator (spontaneous response).

1871 Birth of James E. Ferguson, Texan governor

1876 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.

1878 Birth of Frank Jarvis, American athlete (d. 1933)

1879 Birth of Alma Mahler, wife of Gustav Mahler, Walter Gropius, and Franz Werfel (d. 1964)

1879 Death of William Barber, 6th US Mint Chief Engraver (1844-79).

1880 Birth of Queen Mother Wilhelmina Netherlands (1890-1948).

1881 First US tennis championships (Newport, Rhode Island).

1885 Birth of DuBose Heyward novelist (Porgy).

1886 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized.

1886 Earthquake kills 100 in Charleston, South Carolina

1886 First major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston, South Carolina.

1886 In Charleston, South Carolina, a magnitude 7.3 earthquake occurs.

1888 Mary Ann Nicholls a 42-year-old prostitute, is found stabbed to death.

1888 Mary Ann Nicholls is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper's known victims

1889 Birth of A Provost Idell father of modern volleyball.

1894 Philadelphia Phillies' Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases.

1895 First pro football game (quarterback John Brallier paid $10 and won 12-0).

1895 John Brallier is paid US$10 plus expenses to play football for the Latrobe, Pennsylvania YMCA, making him the first professional football player.

1897 Birth of Fredric March, American actor (d. 1975)

1897 Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.

1897 Thomas Edison receives a patent on the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.

1900 Brooklyn Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks six straight Philadelphia Phillies.

1902 Split skirt first worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider).

1903 Birth of Arthur Godfrey radio, TV host (Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scout).

1903 Joe McGinnity wins his third doubleheader of the month.

1905 Birth of Dore Schary producer/writer/director (Act 1, Boys Town, Big City).

1907 Birth of Ram=n Magsaysay Phillipines, statesman (US Legion of Merit-1952).

1907 England, Russia and France form the Triple Entente.

1907 England, Russia and France form the Triple Entente alliance.

1908 Birth of William Saroyan US, novelist/playwright (Time of Your Life).

1913 Birth of Sir Bernard Lovell, British radio astronomer

1914 Birth of Richard Basehart Zanesville Ohio; actor (Voyage to Bottom of Sea).

1914 Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

1915 Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

1915 Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits New York Giants, 2-0.

1916 Birth of Daniel Schorr broadcast journalist (CBS).

1918 Birth of Alan Jay Lerner, American composer (d. 1986)

1919 Birth of Richard Basehart actor (Voyage to Bottom of the Sea).

1919 Communist Labor Party of America formed in Chicago.

1919 Petlyura's Ukranian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group.

1920 Death of Wilhelm Wundt, German psychologist (b. 1832)

1920 First news radio program broadcast in Detroit, Michigan.

1920 Polish-Bolshevik War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komar=w.

1920 The first news radio program is broadcast in Detroit, Michigan.

1924 Birth of Buddy Hackett, American actor and comedian (d. 2003)

1928 Birth of James Coburn, American actor (d. 2002)

1931 Birth of Jean BTliveau; Canadian hockey star (Montreal Canadiens).

1931 The Yangtze River floods, leaving 23 million homeless.

1934 First football all star game-Chicago Bears tie collegians 0-0 in Chicago.

1935 Birth of Eldridge Cleaver; Black Panther turned Republican.

1935 Chicago White Sox player Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleveland Indians, 5-0.

1935 First national skeet championship (Indianapolis, Indiana, USA).

1935 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents.

1938 Birth of Martin Bell, British journalist and politician

1939 In Cairo, Egypt, forty cases are packed with the sarcophagus of King Tut-ankh-Amen and items found in his tombs, and the cases are hidden in bombproof chambers underground to protect them from possible wartime destruction.

1939 In England, full army and navy mobilization is commenced, censorship of all communications to and from the British Isles is imposed, the Stock Exchange is closed, and civil airplanes are banned from flying over half of Britain.

1939 Nazi Germany mounts a staged attack on Gleiwitz radio station, giving them an excuse to attack Poland the following day, starting World War II in Europe.

1940 Birth of Alain Calmat in France; figure skater (Olympic-silver-1964).

1941 Death of Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (b. 1892), hanged herself.

1943 The USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named for a black person, is commissioned.

1944 Birth of Roger Dean, British contemporary artist and album cover designer

1945 Birth of Leonid I Popov; cosmonaut (Soyuz 35, 40, T-7).

1945 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.

1946 At the Nuremberg Tribunal, defendants make closing statements before the court. Hermann G÷ring denies all. Joachim von Ribbentrop hopes America and Great Britain are more successful versus Bolshevism. Wilhelm Keitel says his loyalty was exploited for obscure reasons. Albert Speer predicts destruction if technology developments of the previous five years are exploited in another war.

1948 Birth of Lowell Ganz, American screenwriter

1949 Birth of Richard Gere, American actor

1950 Brooklyn Dodgers' Gil Hodges hits four home runs and a single in a game versus Boston Braves.

1952 Birth of Rudolf Schenker; heavy metal rocker (Scorpions - "No One Like You").

1953 Birth of Gy÷rgy Kßroly, Hungarian author

1954 Hurricane Carol (first major named storm) hits New England, 70 die.

1954 US Census Bureau is established.

1955 Birth of Edwin Moses, American athlete

1955 First microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Texas, USA).

1955 First sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

1956 Birth of Masashi Tashiro, Japanese television performer

1957 Birth of Glenn Tilbrook; guitarist/vocalist (Squeeze - "Tempted").

1957 Malaya (Malaysia) gains independence from Britain.

1957 The Federation of Malaya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

1958 Birth of Edwin C Moses; track star (hurdler, Olympic-gold-1984).

1959 Australia defeats US for tennis' Davis Cup.

1960 Agricultural Hall of Fame established.

1961 Birth of David Chastain; heavy metal rocker (Chastain - "Rule of Wasteland").

1962 Trinidad and Tobago become independent.

1962 Trinidad and Tobago gain independence from Britain.

1963 Birth of Reb Beach; heavy metal rocker (Winger-17).

1963 Death of Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)

1963 George F Broque, cubist painter, dies at age 81 in Paris, France.

1964 Carole Coleman, singer ("Face the Music"), dies at age 42.

1964 President Lyndon Johnson signs Food Stamp Act as Public Law 88-525.

1964 Rocky Marciano, former heavyweight champ, dies in a plane crash.

1965 The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.

1965 The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.

1965 The U.S. Forest Service announces it has received six bids to develop a ski resort on Mineral King in California. A proposal from Disney is one of two leading candidates. Disney's US$35 million proposal includes up to 27 chair lifts with capacity for 11,400 seats per hour, hotels for up to 3000 guests, and ten-story underground parking for 3600 cars.

1965 US House of Representatives joins Senate in establishing Department of Housing and Urban Development.

1967 Death of Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian writer (b. 1891)

1968 6,000 die in 7.8 earthquake which destroys 60,000 buildings in northeast Iran.

1968 Birth of Todd Carty, British actor

1969 25,000 attend New Orleans Pop Festival.

1969 Death of Rocky Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923)

1970 Birth of Debbie Gibson in Brooklyn, New York, USA; singer ("Only in My Dreams").

1970 US defeats German Federal Republic for tennis' Davis Cup.

1972 Birth of Chris Tucker, American actor

1972 Olga Korbut, USSR, wins Olympic gold medal in gymnastics.

1973 Death of John Ford, American film director (b. 1894)

1977 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft altitude record of 38.26 km (125,524 feet).

1977 Birth of Paul Garber; helped establish Air and Space Museum in Washington DC.

1978 Death of John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)

1978 Symbionese Liberation Army founders William and Emily Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst.

1978 William and Emily Harris, founders of the Symbionese Liberation Army, plead guilty to the 1974 kidnapping of newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst.

1979 Death of Sally Rand, American dancer and actress (b. 1904)

1979 Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as United Nations ambassador.

1980 Birth of Joe Budden, American rapper

1980 The Solidarity trade union is formed in Poland.

1981 A bomb explodes at the U.S. Air Force base in Ramstein, West Germany, injuring 20 people.

1982 Birth of JosT Manuel Reina Pßez; Spanish football player.

1983 Edwin Moses of USA sets the 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz.

1984 Pinklin Thomas defeats Tim Witherspoon for the WBC heavyweight title.

1985 Death of Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (born 1899).

1985 Night Stalker suspect that terrorized South California captured in East Los Angeles.

1986 AeromTxico Flight 498, a Douglas DC-9, collides with a Piper PA-28 over Cerritos, California, killing 67 on both aircraft and 15 on the ground.

1986 An AeromTxico Douglas DC-9 collides with a Piper PA-28 over Cerritos, California, killing 67 in the air and 15 on the ground.

1986 Death of Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland (born 1900).

1986 The Soviet passenger liner Admiral Nakhimov sinks in the Black Sea after colliding with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev, killing 398.

1987 Curtis Strange sets golf's earning for the year record (US$697,385).

1988 Five-day power blackout of downtown Seattle, Washington, USA begins.

1990 Nat (Sweetwater) Clifton, New York Knicks player, dies at age 65 of a heart attack.

1991 In Noblesville, Indiana, USA a meteorite falls harmlessly to the ground.

1991 Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan declare independence from the Soviet Union.

1991 Kyrgyzstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.

1992 Pascal Lissouba is inaugurated as the President of the Republic of the Congo after a multiparty presidential election, ending a long history of one-party oppressive rule under the Congolese Workers Party.

1994 Russian army leaves Estonia.

1994 The Provisional Irish Republican Army announces a "complete cessation of military operations."

1994 The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire.

1996 Iraqi forces launch an offensive into the northern No-Fly Zone and capture Arbil.

1996 The Big 12 Conference is inaugurated with a football game between Kansas State University and Texas Tech University in Manhattan, Kansas.

1997 Death of Diana, Princess of Wales (vehicular collision) (b. 1961)

1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in Paris.

1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, is taken to hospital after a car crash shortly after midnight in the Pont de l'Alma road tunnel in Paris. She is pronounced dead at 4:00 a.m. that morning. Also, death of Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (the same automobile accident), and driver Henri Paul.

1998 North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite. Although North Korea reports that it reached stable orbit, NORAD is not able to confirm this assertion.

1998 North Korea reportedly launchs Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.

1999 The first of a series of Russian Apartment Bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.

2002 Death of Lionel Hampton, American musician (born 1908).

2003 US Warden of Guantßnamo Bay prison Major General Geoffrey Miller arrives at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, to instruct on techniques of interrogation used at his prison.

2004 A woman commits a suicide attack near a subway station in northern Moscow, Russia, killing at least ten people and injuring at least 50. Authorities hold Chechen rebels responsible.

2004 Death of Carl Wayne, English singer (b. 1943)

2004 Two suicide attacks on buses in Beer Sheva, Israel, kill at least 16 people and injure at least 60. Hamas claims responsibility for the attacks.

2005 A crowd crush on the Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad Iraq kills several hundred civilians.

2005 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.

2005 Death of Joseph Rotblat, Polish-British physicist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1908)

2007 Canada begins arming customs officers along the border with the USA.

2007 Death of Gay Brewer, American golfer (born 1932).

2009 China's Shanghai Composite Index drops by 6.7 percent, leaving it down 20 percent since a high on August 4.

2009 Florida governor Charlie Crist signs a gambling pact with the Seminole tribe, lasting 20 years, specifying payment of minimum US$12.5 million per month for the first 30 months for the privilege of running legal slot machines and blackjack at their seven casinos.

2009 State-owned Chinese oil firm PetroChina agrees to pay CDN$1.9 billion (US$1.7 billion) to acquire a majority stake in two tar sands projects in Alberta, Canada.

2009 The Walt Disney Company agrees to buy Marvel Entertainment for US$4 billion.

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