WHAT REALLY HAPPENED | The History The US Government HOPES You Never Learn!


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May 4

Please forgive the occasional duplicates as this is a compilation from multiple sources.


1006 Birth of Abd-Allah Ansari Persian mystic/poet (Monadjat).

1008 Birth of Khajeh Abdollah Ansari The Persian Sufi (d. 1088)

1256 Augustinian monastic order constituted at Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae

1303 Flemings conquers Middelburg.

1415 Religious reformers John Wycliffe and Jan Hus were condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance.

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury - King Edward IV defeats ex-Queen Margaretha.

1471 Death of Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (killed in battle) (b. 1453)

1471 Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Tewkesbury ? Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward, Prince of Wales.

1493 Pope Alexander VI divides the New World between Spain and Portugal along the Demarcation Line.

1493 Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides non-Christian world between Spain and Portugal.

1494 Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica.

1506 Death of Husayn Bayqarah, ruler of Herat (b. 1438)

1519 Death of Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino (b. 1492)

1540 Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople.

1566 Death of Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)

1572 Veere sides with Geuzen.

1594 Paul Buys Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies at age 62.

1604 Claudio Merulo composer, dies at age 71.

1605 Ulisse Aldrovandi Italian biologist/medical, dies at age 82.

1611 Birth of Carlo Rainaldi composer.

1615 Death of Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (b. 1561)

1622 Birth of Juan de ValdTs Leal Spanish painter/sculptor.

1626 Death of Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, English bishop and Bible translator (b. 1569)

1626 Dutch colonist Peter Minuit purchases Manhattan from Indians for $24 worth of brass buttons and cloth.

1626 Dutch explorer Peter Minuit arrives in New Netherland (present day Manhattan Island) aboard the See Meeuw.

1626 Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherlands.

1631 Birth of Mary I Henriette Stuart daughter of Charles I/Queen of England.

1634 Johan van Walbeecks fleet departs to West-Indies.

1635 Birth of Willem van Outhoorn Dutch Governor-General (Dutch East Indies).

1652 Battle at Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels.

1654 Birth of Kangxi Emperor of China (d. 1722)

1655 Birth of Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori Italy, piano builder.

1675 King Charles II of England orders the construction of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

1677 Death of Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)

1684 Death of John Nevison, English highwayman (b. 1639)

1715 Birth of Richard Graves, English writer (d. 1804)

1715 French manufacturer debuts first folding umbrella (Paris France).

1728 Georg F HSndels opera "Tolomeo, re di Egitto" premieres in London.

1729 Death of Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (b. 1651)

1733 Birth of Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (d. 1799)

1734 Death of James Thornhill, English painter

1737 Death of Eustace Budgell, English writer (b. 1686)

1738 Birth of Josef Kohaut composer.

1744 Birth of Marianne von Martinez composer.

1747 Willem IV appointed viceroy of Overijssel.

1752 Pieter Snyers Flemish painter/engraver, dies at age 71.

1763 Birth of Franz Stanislaus Spindler composer.

1769 Birth of Charles Hague composer.

1770 Christian Gottfried Krause composer, dies at age 51.

1772 Birth of Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German publisher (d. 1823)

1774 Death of Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lnneburg (b. 1714)

1776 Birth of Johann Friedrich Herbart Germany, philosopher/psychologist.

1776 Death of Jacques Saly, French sculptor (b. 1717)

1776 Rhode Island becomes the first American colony to renounce allegiance to King George III.

1776 Rhode Island declares independence from England.

1777 Birth of Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens composer.

1780 American Academy of Arts and Science founded.

1780 Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins first Epsom Derby.

1781 Birth of Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)

1783 Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus.

1790 Death of Matthew Tilghman, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)

1796 Birth of Horace Mann US, educator/author/editor (pioneered public schools).

1799 Death of Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader

1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam ? The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.

1805 Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in the Bronx New York.

1811 Death of Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)

1814 Bourbon reign restored in France.

1814 Emperor Napoleon I of France arrives at Portoferraio on the island of Elba to begin his exile.

1818 Netherlands and England sign treaty against illegal slave handling.

1820 Birth of Joseph Whitaker England, publisher, founded Whitaker's Almanack.

1824 Death of Joseph Joubert, French essayist and moralist (b. 1754)

1825 Birth of Thomas Henry Huxley scientist/humanist/Darwinist.

1826 Birth of Frederick Church US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School).

1827 Birth of John Hanning Speke, British explorer (d. 1864)

1832 Jan van Speyck Dutch Admiral, buried in New Church.

1834 Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean.

1835 Birth of Edmund Hart Turpin composer.

1839 The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio.

1843 Great Britain annexes Natal.

1846 Birth of Emile GallT French glass/marble/ceramic artist (GallT Glaze).

1846 US state of Michigan ends death penalty.

1847 New York State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration.

1849 Death of Hokusai, Japanese artist (b. 1760)

1851 First major San Francisco fire.

1852 Birth of Alice Pleasance Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland (d. 1934)

1855 American adventurer William Walker departs from San Francisco with about 60 men to conquer Nicaragua.

1855 Camille Pleyel Austria piano builder/composer, dies at age 66.

1858 War of the Reform (MTxico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz.

1859 Cornwall Railway opened across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.

1860 Birth of Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek Vienna Austria, composer (Donna Diana).

1860 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek composer, dies.

1861 At Gretna, Louisiana, one of first guns of Rebel navy is cast.

1862 Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia.

1862 Yorktown, Virginia - McClellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by Confederate Brigadier General Gabrial Rains.

1863 American Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville ? The battle ends with a Union retreat.

1863 Battle of Chancellorsville ends - Beaten Union army withdraws.

1864 Birth of Marie Booth, the third daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1937)

1864 General Grant's Army at Potomac attacks at Rappahannock.

1864 Ulysses S Grant crosses Rapidan and begins his duel with Robert E Lee.

1865 Abraham Lincoln buried in Springfield, Illinois, three weeks after his assassination.

1865 Abraham Lincoln, the 16th U.S. president, is buried in Springfield, Illinois.

1865 Battle of Citronville, Alabama; Richard Taylor surrenders.

1865 Battle of Mobile, Alabama.

1866 Woodward's Gardens opens to public.

1867 Birth of Dynam-Victor Fumet composer.

1869 The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.

1870 Birth of Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (d. 1960)

1871 First baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Fort Wayne Keiongas 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets first hit, a double. Bill Lennon becomes first catcher to throw a runner out trying to steal second.

1871 The National Association, the first professional baseball league, begins its first season.

1873 Birth of Joe De Grasse, Canadian film director (d. 1940)

1875 Birth of Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney Spanish writer (Don Quixote and Celestine).

1877 Birth of Arthur Lang US, boxer/businessman (dies 1992).

1878 Phonograph shown for first time at Grand Opera House.

1879 William Froude British civil engineer/shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at age 68.

1880 Death of Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)

1881 Birth of Aleksandr F Kerenski Russian premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism).

1882 Birth of Wilhelm Lehmann writer.

1883 John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Mississippi).

1885 Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at age 78.

1886 Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen.

1886 Haymarket Square Riot: A bomb is thrown at policemen trying to break up a labor rally in Chicago, Illinois, United States, killing eight and wounding 60. The police fire into the crowd.

1888 Italy and Spain sign military covenant.

1889 Birth of Francis J Spellman US Cardinal.

1891 Birth of Frederick Jacobi composer.

1891 Sherlock Holmes "dies" at Reichenbach Falls.

1893 Birth of Edgar Dearing Ceres California; actor (Abraham Lincoln, Free and Easy).

1893 Cowboy Bob Pickett invents bulldogging.

1893 George Washington Hewitt composer, dies at age 82.

1896 First edition of London Daily Mail (half penny).

1896 Grease fire ignites half ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek Colorado.

1897 23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12.5.

1897 Fire in Paris France bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200.

1898 24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09.

1899 25th Kentucky Derby: Fred Taral aboard Manuel wins in 2:12.

1902 Birth of Cola [Nicolas] Debrot Bonaire Governor (Netherlands Antilles)/author.

1903 Birth of Luther Adler New York City, New York; actor (Dr Bernard Altman-The Psychiatrist).

1903 Death of Goce Delchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1872)

1904 Americans begin canal construction work in Panama.

1904 Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal.

1905 Birth of Mßtyßs Seiber Budapest Hungary, composer (Scherzando).

1906 Birth of Esmond Knight East Sheen England; actor (Hamlet, Sleeping Murder).

1909 Birth of Howard Da Silva [Silverblatt] Cleveland Ohio; actor (Ben Franklin-1776).

1910 Birth of Mady Alfredo [Maria M the Brieder] actress (Alicia).

1910 Canadian Currency Act, 1910, receives Royal Assent.

1910 Canadian parliament accept creation of Royal Canadian Navy.

1910 Tel Aviv founded.

1910 The Royal Canadian Navy is created.

1912 Birth of Lou Brown Brooklyn New York, orchestra leader (Jerry Lewis Show).

1912 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes.

1912 Italy occupies the island of Rhodes.

1914 Birth of Abdel Karim Kassem general/premier/dictator of Iraq (1958-63).

1915 Birth of Curt Conway Boston Massachusetts; actor (Raw Deal).

1915 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungaryb and Germany.

1916 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare.

1916 Birth of Maurice "Moe" Purtill jazz drummer.

1917 Arabs sack Tel Aviv.

1917 Birth of Edward Toner Cone composer.

1918 Birth of Kakuei Tanaka Japanese Prime Minister (1972-74), convicted of bribe-taking.

1918 New York Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Boston Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4.

1919 Birth of Dimiter Petkov composer.

1919 First legal Sunday baseball game in New York City (Philadelphia Phillies beat New York Giants 4-3).

1919 FVC soccer team forms.

1919 May Fourth Movement: Student demonstrations take place in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Chinese territory to Japan.

1919 Protests in China against the humiliation of China by the Versailles treaty which gave German territories in China to Japan.

1921 Birth of John van Kesteren Dutch tenor (Komische Oper, West Berlin).

1922 Birth of John Paul Hammerschmidt (Representative-Republican-Arkansas, 1967-).

1922 Death of Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (b. 1888)

1923 Birth of Ed Cassidy, American musician (Spirit)

1923 Bloody street battles between National Socialists, socialists, and police in Vienna, Austria.

1923 New York state revokes Prohibition law.

1924 German Republic election: fascists and communists win.

1924 The 1924 Summer Olympics open in Paris, France.

1924 (to July 27) The Games of the VIII Olympiad are held in Paris, France.

1925 Birth of Maurice R. Greenberg, American businessman

1925 League of Nations conference on arms control and poison gas usage.

1927 First balloon flight over 40,000 feet (Scott Field, Illinois, USA).

1927 Nicaragua agrees to a US-supervised presidential election in 1928.

1928 Birth of Betsy Rawls in Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA; LPGA golfer (Hall of Fame, US Women's Open-1951, 1953, 1957, 1960).

1929 Birth of Audrey Hepburn, Belgian actress (d. 1993)

1929 Lou Gehrig hits three consecutive homeruns, New York Yankees 11, Detroit Tigers 9.

1930 Birth of Roberta Peters in New York City, New York, USA; operatic soprano (New York Metropolitan).

1930 British police arrest Mahatma Gandhi and place him in Yeravda Central Prison.

1931 Birth of Ed Cassidy in Chicago, Illinois, USA; drummer (Spirit - "I Got A Line on You").

1931 Kemal Atatnrk is re-elected president of Turkey.

1932 In Atlanta, Georgia, mobster Al Capone begins serving an eleven-year prison sentence for tax evasion.

1935 61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05.

1935 Lodewijk ScharpT, Flemish literature historian, dies at age 65.

1936 Birth of El CordobTs [Manuel Ben?tez]; Spanish toreador.

1937 Birth of Dick Dale, American guitarist

1938 Birth of Tyrone Davis; American R&B singer ("Are you serious").

1938 Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist/writer (Nobel Prize 1935), dies at age 48.

1938 Death of Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1889)

1938 Douglas Hyde (a Protestant) becomes first president of Eire.

1939 Birth of Amos Oz, Israeli writer, novelist, and journalist

1939 Japanese Prime Minister Kiichiro Hiranuma declares to Adolf Hitler that Japan would support Germany and Italy with political, economic, and military aid if one was attacked by a power other than the Soviet Union, but not right away.

1940 21 "not neutral" Nazis and communists arrested in Netherlands.

1940 66th Kentucky Derby: Carroll Bierman aboard Gallahadion wins in 2:05.

1940 Birth of Dick Curl in Chester, Pennsylvania, USA; offensive coordinator coach (Barcelona Dragons).

1941 Birth of George Will, American writer

1942 Battle of Coral Sea begins (first sea battle fought solely in air).

1942 Birth of Ronnie Bond; drummer (Troggs - "Wild Thing").

1942 Food first rationed in US during war.

1942 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages.

1942 World War II: Battle of the Coral Sea ? The battle begins with the launch of attack aircraft from American and Japanese aircraft carriers.

1943 Birth of Nickolas Ashford in Fairfield, South Carolina, USA; singer (Ashford and Simpson - "Solid as a Rock").

1943 National League's Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet; ball proves to be 50 percent livelier.

1944 Birth of Peggy Santiglia McGannon in New Jersey, USA; rocker (Angels).

1945 (1825 hours) Near Hamburg, the unconditional surrender of one million troops in German land, sea, and air forces in Holland, Denmark, and northern Germany facing the Canadian 1st Army and British 2nd Army is arranged. German General of the Army and Commander in Chief of the Navy Admiral von Friedeberg, Rear Admiral Wagner, General Paulik, Major Friedeberg sign the surrender terms for Germany. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery signs on behalf of Dwight Eisenhower.

1945 Birth of George Wadenius; rocker (Blood, Sweat and Tears).

1945 Death of Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (b. 1880)

1945 German leader Karl D÷nitz orders all submarine commanders to cease hostilities and return to home bases.

1945 Soviet troops liberate all of Slovakia.

1945 World War II: Liberation of the Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg by the British Army.

1945 World War II: Surrender of the North Germany Army to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.

1946 72nd Kentucky Derby: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:06.6.

1946 Birth of John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver

1946 Five die in a two-day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay, California.

1946 In San Francisco Bay, US Marines from the Treasure Island Marine Barracks stop a two-day riot at Alcatraz federal prison. Five people are killed in the riot.

1946 Washington Senators' Cecil Travis gets six straight hits before being stopped.

1948 Birth of Billy O'Donnell; harness race driver of the year (1984).

1948 Norman Mailer's first novel, The Naked and the Dead, is published.

1948 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Hans Rauter (German SS) and sentenced him to the death penalty.

1949 Air crash at Turijn (whole Torino-soccer team survives).

1949 Birth of Gerrit J P van Otterloo; Dutch Member of Parliament (PvdA).

1949 The entire Torino football (soccer) team (except for one player who did not take the trip due to an injury) is killed in a plane crash at the Superga hill at the edge of Turin, Italy.

1950 Birth of Darryl Hunt; English pop bassist (Pogues - "Pair of Brown Eyes").

1951 Birth of Gene Greenwood; American politician (Representative-Republican-Pennsylvania).

1952 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Fresno Golf Open.

1953 Edward B B Shanks, British poet/critic, dies at age 60.

1953 Ernest Hemingway is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea.

1954 Birth of Julie Budd in Brooklyn, New York, USA; singer (Child of Plenty).

1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island.

1955 Death of Georges Enescu, Romanian composer (b. 1881)

1955 Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer, dies at age 75.

1956 Birth of Michael L Gernhardt in Mansfield, Ohio, USA; PhD/astronaut (STS 69, 83, 94, sk 100).

1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

1957 83rd Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Iron Liege wins in 2:02.2.

1957 Anne Frank Foundation forms in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

1957 Birth of Peter Sleep; cricket player (Australian leg-spin all-rounder 1979-90).

1958 Alberto Lleras Camargo chosen President of Colombia.

1958 Birth of Keith Haring, American graphical artist (d. 1990)

1959 Birth of Randy Travis [Randy Bruce Traywick] in Marshville, North Carolina, USA; country singer ("Forever and Ever Amen", "Diggin' Up Bones").

1959 First Grammy Awards: Perry Como and Ella Fitzgerald win.

1959 Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (JB).

1960 Birth of Martyn Moxon; cricket player (England batsman in ten Tests 1986-89).

1961 American civil rights movement: The "Freedom Riders" begin a bus trip through the South.

1961 Birth of Eugene Daniel; NFL center (Indianapolis Colts, Baltimore Ravens).

1961 Death of Anita Stewart, American film actress (b. 1895)

1961 Malcolm Ross and Victor Prather reach 34,668 metres (record) in balloon.

1961 South Africa African National Congress-leader John Nkadimeng is arrested.

1961 Thirteen Freedom riders begin bus trip through South US.

1962 Birth of Oleta Adams, American singer

1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island.

1963 89th Kentucky Derby: Braulio Baeza aboard Chateaugay wins in 2:01.8.

1963 Pitcher Bob Shaw sets record of five balks in a game.

1964 70 GATT-countries confer in Geneva, Switzerland.

1964 Birth of Goran Prpic in Yugoslavia; tennis star.

1964 Pulitzer prize awarded to Richard Hofstadter (Anti-intellectualism).

1964 The long running soap opera Another World debuts on NBC which would ran until 1999.

1965 Birth of Adri Bogers; Dutch soccer player (Willem II).

1965 Willie Mays' 512th homerun breaks Mel Ott's 511th National League record homerun.

1966 Birth of Monica Tranel [Michini] in Billings, Montana, USA; rower (Olympics-1996).

1966 Soviet Government signs accord about building Fiat factory in USSR.

1967 Birth of Derek MacCready; Canadian Football League defensive tackle (Edmonton Eskimos).

1968 94th Kentucky Derby: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass wins in 2:02.5.

1968 Birth of Andre Collins; NFL linebacker (Cincinnati Bengals).

1968 Dancer's Image disqualified due to drugs after winning 94th Kentucky Derby.

1968 First ABA championship: Pittsburgh Pipers beat New Orleans Buccaneers, 4 games to 3.

1969 Death of Osbert Sitwell, English writer (b. 1892)

1969 NHL Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Saint Louis Blues in four games.

1969 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational.

1970 Birth of Dawn Staley in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; basketball guard (Olympics-gold-1996).

1970 Death of Kent State victims: Allison Krause (b. 1951)

1970 Premier Kosygin affirms existence Russian military advisors in Egypt.

1970 US National Guard kills four protesting students (Jeffrey Miller, Sandy Scheuer, Allison Krause, William Schroeder) at Kent State University in Ohio.

1970 Vietnam War: Kent State shootings ? The Ohio National Guard, sent to Kent State University after the ROTC building was burnt down, opens fire on students protesting at the United States' invasion of Cambodia. Four students are killed, nine are wounded.

1971 Birth of Derrick Clark; NFL/WLAF fullback (Denver Broncos, Rhein Fire).

1971 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at age 88.

1971 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor, dies at age 83.

1972 Birth of Ethan Watts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; volleyball middle blocker (Olympics-1996).

1972 Death of Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)

1972 The Don't Make A Wave Committee, a fledgling environmental organization founded in Canada in 1971, officially changed its name to "Greenpeace Foundation".

1972 Vietcong forms revolutionary government in Quang Tri, South Vietnam.

1973 Birth of Edward Hervey; NFL wide receiver (Dallas Cowboys).

1973 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Millie Martorella.

1973 Longest game in Veterans' Stadium, Philadelphia Phillies beat Atlanta Braves 5-4 in 20 innings.

1973 Patriarch Shenuda II of Kopitisch church visits the Pope.

1974 100th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr aboard Cannonade wins in 2:04.

1974 An all-female Japanese team reaches the summit of Manaslu, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak.

1975 Birth of Pablo Ruiz in Buenos Aires, Argentina; Spanish singer.

1975 Death of Moe Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1897)

1975 In Candlestick Park at 12:32 pm, Houston Astros' Bob Watson scores the major league's one millionth run.

1975 Maria Astrologes wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic.

1976 Birth of Jason Michaels, baseball player

1977 The Space Mountain attraction opens in Tomorrowland at Disneyland in California.

1978 Russian President Brezhnev visits West Germany.

1979 Birth of Lance Bass, American singer (*NSYNC)

1979 Jackie Mercer wins her fourth golf title 31 years after her first.

1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1979 Margaret Thatcher is elected prime minister of Great Britain.

1979 NASA launches Fltsatcom-2.

1980 Chicago White Sox first baseman Mike Squires catches final inning of 11-1 loss to Milwaukee Brewers, becoming first lefty to catch since Dale Long in 1958.

1980 Death of Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia (b. 1892)

1980 Hollis Stacy wins LPGA CPC Women's Internationalional Golf Tournament.

1980 Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia (1945-80), dies at age 87 (born 1892).

1980 Kay Hammond, actress (Blithe Spirit, Five Golden Hours), dies in Brighton, United Kingdom at age 71.

1980 President Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia dies in Ljubljana at the age of 87.

1981 Birth of Jacques Rudolph; South African cricket player.

1981 New York Yankees' Ron Davis strikes out eight consecutive California Angels, ran record of 13 strikeouts of last 14 faced, also saved Gene Nelson's first win, 4-2.

1981 Silvana Cruciata runs 15km female world record (49:44.0).

1982 Birth of Robert Hill, Australian athlete

1982 Minnesota Twins' rookie outfielder Jim Eisenreich, who suffers from Tourette's Syndrome, removes himself, due to taunts from Boston Red Sox bleacher fans.

1983 Birth of Raquel Zimmermann; Brazilian supermodel.

1983 People's Republic of China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor.

1984 Birth of Joe Simpson, British artist.

1984 Dave Kingman's fly ball never comes down (stuck in Metrodome ceiling).

1984 Death of Bob Clampett, American cartoonist (b. 1913)

1985 111th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr on Spend A Buck wins 2:00.2.

1985 Birth of Anthony Fedorov, American singer

1985 Death of Clarence Wiseman, the 10th General of The Salvation Army (born 1907).

1985 The 30th Eurovision Song Contest takes place in Gothenburg, Sweden.

1986 Death of Henri Toivonen, Finnish race car driver (b. 1956)

1986 President Babrak Karmal resigns as party leader of Afghanistan.

1987 Birth of Cesc F?bregas; Spanish football player.

1987 Death of Paul Butterfield, American blues harmonica player (b. 1942)

1987 Dick Hillenius, Dutch biologist/writer, dies at age 59.

1987 Paul Butterfield, American singer/harmonica player, dies of drug abuse at age 44 (born 1942).

1988 A major explosion at an industrial solid-fuel rocket plant in Henderson, Nevada, causes damage extending up to 10 miles away, including Las Vegas's McCarran International Airport.

1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk.

1989 Birth of James van Riemsdyk; college ice hockey player.

1989 Iran-Contra Affair: Former White House aide Oliver North is convicted of three crimes and was acquitted of nine other charges. The convictions, however, are later overturned on appeal.

1989 Junior Felix of Toronto Blue Jays becomes 53rd to hit homerun on first at bat.

1989 US space shuttle STS-30 launched.

1990 Baltimore Orioles' player Gregg Olson sets relief pitcher record of 41 consecutive scoreless innings.

1990 Latvia proclaims independence.

1990 Latvia's parliament votes 138-0 (one abstention) for independence.

1990 Pakistan beats Australia by 36 runs to win Austral-Asia Cup, Sharjah.

1991 117th Kentucky Derby: Chris Antley aboard Strike the Gold wins in 2:03.

1991 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Doug Kent.

1991 Cleveland Indians' Chris James sets club record for most RBIs in a game (9).

1991 Dennis Crosby, son of Bing Crosby, commits suicide at age 54.

1991 Morris K Udall (Representative-Democrat-Arizona) resigns due to Parkinson disease.

1991 New York Mets' M Sasser and Mark Carreon are 8th to hit consecutive pinch homeruns.

1992 Birth of Courtney Jines, American actress.

1992 Death of Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (born 1927).

1992 Henri Guillemin, French historian, dies at age 89.

1992 Ismael Galeano "Commandant Franklyn" (Contra), dies.

1992 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies at age 50.

1994 Arsenal wins 34th Europe Cup II.

1994 Birth of Alexander Gould, American actor.

1994 In Cairo, Egypt, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat sign an accord on the first stage of Palestinian self-rule. This Gaza-Jericho agreement called for certain Israeli military withdrawals, and Palestinian agreements to combat violence.

1994 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign a peace accord regarding Palestinian autonomy granting self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.

1994 Karl Francis Hettinger, onion field survivor, dies at age 59.

1995 Lewis T Preston, banker, dies at age 68.

1995 Louis Krasner, violinist, dies at age 91.

1996 122nd Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Grindstone wins in 2:01.

1996 ABC Bud Light Masters Bowling Tournament won by Ernie Schlegel.

1996 Greg Pavlik one-hits Detroit Tigers making the Texas Rangers first American League team to pitch back-to-back one-hitters since the Washington Senators in 1917.

1996 Jean Crepin, soldier/industrialist, dies at age 87.

1996 JosT Marfa Aznar is appointed Prime Minister of Spain, thus ending 13 years of Socialist rule.

1996 Stanley William Reed, cineaste, dies at age 85.

1997 Phil Blackmar wins 50th Houston golf Open.

1997 Tammie Green wins LPGA Sprint Titleholders Championship.

1997 Vijayananda Dahanayake, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1959-60), dies.

1998 A federal judge in Sacramento, California, gives "Unabomber" Theodore Kaczynski four life sentences plus 30 years after Kaczynski accepted a plea agreement sparing him from the death penalty.

1998 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin and Buzz Lightyear attend the re-opening of the Moonliner attraction in Disneyland, California. The original Moonliner was removed in 1966.

1999 In California, Manuel Babbitt is executed for the 1980 murder of Leah Schendel. While on death row Babbitt was awarded a Purple Heart for injuries he received in the Vietnam War.

2000 In Sulawesi, Indonesia, a magnitude 7.6 earthquake occurs. At least 46 people killed, 264 injured, and extensive damage and power outages occur in the Luwuk area, Sulawesi and on nearby islands. 80 percent of buildings damaged or destroyed on Banggai. A local tsunami with estimated wave heights up to 6 metres cause much damage east of Luwuk and on Peleng.

2002 An EAS Airlines BAC 1-11-500 crashes in a suburb of Kano, Nigeria shortly after takeoff killing more than 148 people.

2002 In Germany, BV Borussia Dortmund wins the Bundesliga title after a 2-1 victory over SV Werder Bremen.

2003 The Outbreak of 2003 begins. Ninety-four tornadoes begin the week-long outbreak.

2003 (to May 10) A major severe weather outbreak spawns more tornadoes than any week in U.S. history; 393 tornadoes are reported in 19 states.

2003 Top Thrill Dragster opens in Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio as the world's tallest, fastest roller coaster.

2004 A WNBC helicopter crashes in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, New York. This event is covered by rival station WABC-TV.

2005 Death of David Hackworth, U.S. Army officer and military journalist (b. 1930)

2005 In one of the largest insurgent attacks in Iraq, at least 60 people are killed and dozens wounded in a suicide bombing at a Kurdish police recruitment center in Irbil, northern Iraq.

2006 A Jewish synagogue in Petah Tikva is desecrated, The desecraters sprayed swastikas, devil related signs and the name "Rammstein" of the tanz metal German band.

2006 A large meteor shower crosses over El Paso, Texas, USA.

2006 A new coalition government takes office in Israel; its four political parties hold 67 of the 120 seats in the Knesset.

2006 Local elections take place in England.

2006 One of the worst thunderstorms in decades hits Glasgow, Scotland and the surrounding area.

2006 Zacarias Moussaoui is sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole for involvement in the September 11, 2001 attacks. He is spared the death penalty.

2007 Executive Directive 51, which specifies the procedures for continuity of the federal government of the United States in the event of a "catastrophic emergency" is signed by President George W. Bush.

2007 Tornado strikes Greensburg, Kansas, killing at least 12 and destroying about 90 percent of the town.

2008 Real Madrid wins a record 21st Spanish soccer league title, defeating Osasuna 2-1.

2008 The Dallas Stars advance to the next round by defeating the San Jose Sharks 2-1 in Game six of Stanley Cup playoffs, in the 8th longest game in NHL history, with four overtime periods.

2008 The Philadelphia Flyers beat the Montreal Canadiens 6-4 in Game 5 of the NHL Stanley Cup playoffs, eliminating Montreal and Canada's last hope for the Cup this season. A Canadian team has not won the Cup in 15 years.

2008 The Pittsburgh Penguins defeat the New York Rangers 3-2 to win the Eastern Conference in Game 5 of their Stanley Cup series.

2010 13 inches of rain falls on Nashville, Tennessee, over two days, close to doubling the previous rainfall record. A levee protecting the southern park of the city is breached, causing parts of Nashville to be evacuated. 17 deaths are killed in Tennessee, mostly from drowning in flash floods.

2010 Death of Ernie Harwell from cancer at age 92, Detroit Tigers' radio announcer for more than 40 years.