"All the emphasis on crime and drugs and pornography used to justify the suppression of the internet is really aimed at suppressing knowledge of the radical politic alternatives that are now available." -- Tony Benn, British Labour Party member of Parliament -- CovertAction Quarterly, April / June 2001, p43



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September 19

Please forgive the occasional duplicates as this is a compilation from multiple sources.


86 Birth of Antoninus Pius, 15th Roman emperor (138-161).

335 Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.

690 Death of Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 602)

866 Birth of Leo VI, Byzantine Emperor (d. 912)

1339 Death of Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)

1356 Death of Killed at the Battle of Poitiers: Peter I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1311)

1356 During the Battle of Poitiers, King John II the Good of France is captured by the English and taken to London.

1356 In the Battle of Poitiers, the English defeat the French.

1377 Birth of Duke Albert IV of Austria (d. 1404)

1551 Birth of King Henry III of France (d. 1589)

1655 Birth of Jan Luyts Netherlands, scholar/physicist/mathematician/astronomer.

1668 Death of William Waller, English soldier

1676 Birth of Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Wnrttemberg (d. 1733)

1692 Death of Giles Corey, American farmer killed in the Salem Witch Trials

1692 Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.

1693 Death of Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (b. 1641)

1710 Death of Ole R°mer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)

1714 Birth of Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)

1737 Birth of Charles Carroll signed Declaration of Independence.

1749 Birth of Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician (d. 1822)

1754 Birth of John Ross Key, commissioned officer in the Continental Army, judge, lawyer and the father of Francis Scott Key (d. 1821)

1759 Birth of William Kirby, English entomologist (d. 1850)

1777 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or first Battle of Saratoga.

1777 First Battle of Saratoga/Battle of Freeman's Farm/Battle of Bemis Heights.

1778 Birth of Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain

1778 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.

1796 George Washington makes his farewell address.

1796 George Washington's farewell address as president.

1802 Birth of Louis Kossuth Hungary, President of Hungary (1849).

1811 Birth of Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)

1812 Death of financier Mayer Amschel von Rothschild.

1828 Birth of Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1880)

1837 Birth of James W. Hyatt; US Treasurer.

1843 Death of Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)

1846 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning elopes.

1848 Bond (US) and Lassell (England) independently discover Hyperion, moon of Saturn.

1849 First commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California.

1862 American Civil War: Battle of Iuka - Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price at Iuka, Mississippi.

1862 Battle of Luka, Mississippi.

1863 American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.

1863 Battle of Chickamauga, Tennessee (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat.

1864 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia.

1867 Birth of Arthur Rackham England, artist/illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales).

1873 Black Friday: Jay Cooke and Company fails, causing a securities panic.

1879 Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track and field record pole-vaulting 11' 2.25" at age 17 years and 198 days.

1881 Death of James Garfield, 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)

1881 James A Garfield US president, dies of gunshot wound.

1889 Birth of Ernest Truex Kansas City, Missouri; actor (Pop-Pete and Gladys, Mr Peepers).

1890 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540.

1893 The Electoral Act gives all women in New Zealand the right to vote.

1893 Women's suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote, beginning with the 1893 New Zealand general election.

1898 Birth of Giuseppe Saragat president of Italy (1964-71).

1900 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid commit their first robbery together.

1900 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid commit their first robbery together.

1901 Birth of Joseph Pasternak film producer (Anchors Aweigh, Date With Judy).

1902 Birth of James Van Alen created Simplified Scoring System for tennis.

1904 Birth of Dr Bergen Evans Ohio, English professor ($64,000 Question).

1905 Birth of Betty Garde Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; actress (Aggie-The Real McCoys).

1907 Birth of Lewis F Powell Jr Virginia, Supreme Court justice (1972-87).

1908 Birth of Mika Waltari novelist (Egyptian).

1909 Birth of Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (d. 1998)

1910 Birth of Margaret Lindsay Dubuque Iowa, actress (Take a Guess).

1911 Birth of William Golding England, novelist (Lord of the Flies-Nobel Prize 1983).

1912 Birth of Kurt Sanderling, German conductor

1913 Birth of Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)

1914 Birth of Rogers Morton Louisville Kentucky, US Secretary of Interior (1968-75).

1914 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2.

1919 Birth of Blanche Thebom Monessen Pennsylvania, mezzo-soprano (Amneris-Aida).

1920 Birth of Roger Angell, American sports writer

1921 Birth of Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator & writer (d. 1997)

1922 Birth of Dana Zatopek Czechoslavakia, javelin thrower (Olympic-gold-1952).

1926 Birth of Edwin "Duke" Snider; Brooklyn Dodgers' centerfielder (406 home runs).

1927 Death of Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)

1928 Birth of William Hickey, American actor (d. 1997)

1930 Birth of Antonio Margheriti, Italian filmmaker

1931 Birth of Brook Benton in Camden, South Carolina, USA; singer (Frankie and Johnny).

1933 Birth of David McCallum, Scottish actor

1934 Birth of Brian Epstein, English musical group manager (the Beatles) (d. 1967)

1934 Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the murder of Charles Lindbergh Junior.

1935 Birth of Benjamin Hacker, American naval aviator (d. 2003)

1935 Death of Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1857)

1936 Birth of Al Oerter; American discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1956, 1960, 1964, 1968).

1936 Death of Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)

1937 Birth of Boris Onischenko in USSR; TpTe (Olympic-1976) disqualified-illegal TpTe.

1938 Britain and France agree to Adolf Hitler's demands, and urge Czechoslovakia to give the Sudeten areas to Germany.

1938 Death of Pauline Frederick, American actress (b. 1883)

1939 Adolf Hitler makes a speech at Danzig, saying Poland's fate is to be determined by Germany and Russia, and that he has accepted the western border, with no war aims against Britain or France.

1939 Soviet forces capture Vilna, Poland.

1939 The five Scandinavian countries make a joint declaration of firm neutrality, cooperating to safeguard their economic life, and continuing trade with all States.

1939 The Polish naval base of Gdynia falls to German forces.

1940 Birth of Bill Medley in Santa Ana, California, USA; rocker (Righteous Bros - "Up Where We Belong").

1940 German decree forbids gentile women to work in Jewish homes.

1941 Birth of Jim Fox in England; pentathlete (Olympics-1972).

1941 In the Soviet Union, Kiev falls to German Army Group South forces. 665,000 men are captured, the largest number of prisoners ever captured in one battle, and the largest single military success in history. Kiev was defended for 72 days.

1942 Birth of Freda Payne, American singer and actress

1942 Death of CondT Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)

1943 Birth of Christi Haas in Austria; downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1964).

1944 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union signed. (End of the Continuation War).

1944 Finland and the Soviet Union sign an armistice, ending the conflict between their countries.

1945 Birth of David Bromberg in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; musician ("Demon in Disguise").

1945 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London.

1945 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London, England.

1946 The Council of Europe is founded following a speech given by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.

1947 Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of the Year.

1948 Birth of Nadyezhda Tkachenko in the USSR; pentathelete (Olympic-gold-1980).

1949 Birth of Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founder Innocence Project

1949 Death of Will Cuppy, American humorist (b. 1884)

1950 Birth of Joan Lunden, American journalist and television host

1952 Birth of Nile Rodgers, American musician and composer

1952 The US bars Charlie Chaplin from reentering the country after a trip to England.

1955 Birth of Charlie Reliford, baseball umpire

1955 Death of John D. Dingell, Sr., U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1894)

1956 First international conference of black writers and artists meets (Sorbonne).

1957 Birth of Richard M Linnehan in Lowell, Massachusetts, USA; US Army Captain/astronaut.

1957 Dalida is the first artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300 000 sales of "Bambino".

1957 First underground nuclear explosion (Las Vegas, Nevada).

1957 First U.S. underground nuclear bomb test.

1958 Birth of Lita Ford, English singer

1959 Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland.

1959 Nikita Krushchev is denied access to Disneyland during visit to USA due to security concerns.

1963 Birth of David Seaman, English footballer

1964 Birth of Bob Papa, American sportscaster

1965 Birth of Debbye Turner; Miss America (1990).

1966 Birth of Soledad O'Brien, American journalist

1966 Mike Burke is named New York Yankees president.

1967 Birth of Jim Abbott, baseball player

1967 Death of Zinaida Serebryakova, Russian painter (b. 1884)

1968 Death of Chester Carlson, American inventor (b. 1906)

1968 Red Foley, country singer ("Mr Smith Goes to Washington"), dies at age 58.

1969 Birth of Tapio Wilska, Finnish singer

1969 Death of Rex Ingram, American actor (b. 1895)

1970 Birth of Victor Williams, American actor

1970 Grateful Dead at Fillmore East.

1972 A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.

1972 Death of Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)

1973 Birth of Nick Colgan, Irish footballer

1973 Death of Gram Parsons, American musician (b. 1946)

1973 King Carl XVI Gustaf accedes to the throne of Sweden.

1973 National League refuses to allow San Diego Padres move to Washington DC.

1973 Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May, New Jersey) goes on the air.

1973 Prince Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus Bernadotte ascends the throne of Sweden as King Carl XVI Gustaf.

1974 Birth of Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian

1976 A Turkish Boeing 727 hits a mountain in southern Turkey killing 155.

1976 Birth of Raja Bell, American basketball player

1978 Birth of Michelle Alves, Brazilian supermodel

1978 Newspaper boy Carl Bridgewater is shot dead after disturbing burglars at a farm, leading to famous murder trial.

1979 Birth of Dannielle Brent, British actress

1979 In Italy, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake occurs, about 110 kilometres northeast of Rome. Five people killed, and extensive damage occurred in the vicinity of Norcia.

1980 Birth of Tegan Quin; Canadian singer/songwriter.

1980 Titan II missile explosion (Damascus, Arkansas).

1981 In New South Wales, the Wran government is re-elected for a third term with an increased majority, reducing the Liberal Party of Australia to just 14 members in the Legislative Assembly.

1981 Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel reunite for a free concert in New York's Central Park.

1981 Satellites China 10 and 11 launched into Earth orbit by B-1 rocket.

1981 Simon and Garfunkel perform The Concert in Central Park, a free concert in New York in front of approximately a half a million people.

1982 Birth of Nicole Voss; American model.

1982 New Orleans Saints' first road shutout victory beating Chicago Bears 10-0.

1982 Scott Fahlman posts the first recorded instance of the emoticon :-) to an online bulletin board.

1982 Seattle Mariners' rookie Orlando Mercado becomes third player to hit a grand slam for his first major league hit.

1983 Birth of Joey Devine, baseball player

1983 Saint Christopher-Nevis gains independence from Britain.

1983 Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.

1984 Birth of Kevin Zegers, Canadian actor.

1984 June Preisser, dancer/actress, dies at age 61 in an auto accident.

1985 Allied Chemical (Allied Corp.) changes its company name to Allied-Signal Incorp.

1985 A strong earthquake hits Mexico City and other parts of Mexico, killing thousands and demolishing about 400 buildings.

1985 Death of Italo Calvino, Italian writer (born 1923).

1985 Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.

1985 In Michoacan, Mexico, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurs. At least 9,500 people were killed, about 30,000 were injured, more than 100,000 people were left homeless, and severe damage was caused in parts of Mexico City and in several states of central Mexico.

1985 Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center.

1986 Birth of Peter Vack, American voice actor.

1986 Chicago White Sox player Joe Crowley no-hits California Angels, 7-1.

1986 US Federal health officals announce AZT will be available to AIDS patients.

1987 Birth of Danielle Panabaker; American actress.

1987 Death of Einar Gerhardsen, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)

1988 Birth of Katie Bowden; American actress.

1988 Greg Louganis suffers a head injury while qualifying for the Seoul Olympics and goes on to win two gold medals.

1988 Israel launches first satellite, for secret military reconnaissance.

1988 Oren Lee Staley, first president of US National Farmers Organization (1955-79), dies at age 65.

1989 Appeals court restores America's Cup to US after New York Supreme Court gave it to New Zealand (New Zealand protested US's use of a catamaran).

1989 A terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.

1989 Chase Manhattan Discovery Center at Brooklyn Botanic Garden opens.

1989 Hurricane Hugo makes landfall in the U.S. state of South Carolina.

1990 Birth of Patrick Breeding, American singer.

1990 Death of Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1910)

1990 The Provisional Irish Republican Army tries to assassinate Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry at his home near Stafford, England. Hit by at least nine bullets, he survives.

1991 +tzi the Iceman is discovered in the Alps by a couple of German tourists.

1991 ÿtzi the Iceman is discovered by a couple of German tourists.

1992 Birth of Gavin Fink, American actor.

1993 In Poland, a coalition of left parties wins 66 percent of parliament seats.

1994 American troops stage a bloodless invasion of Haiti in order to restore the legitimate elected leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, to power.

1994 Birth of Alexander Nathan Etel, British actor.

1994 The pilot episode of the hit medical drama ER airs in the United States, on NBC, which will become one of the most watched shows of all time.

1995 The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber's manifesto.

1996 The scoreboard at the HSBC Arena in Buffalo, New York, falls to the ice just hours before a National Hockey League game; no one is injured.

1997 Death of Rich Mullins, American musician (born 1955).

1997 Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.

1997 Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.

2000 Death of Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b 1917).

2001 Commencement of combatant activities in Afghanistan (the date designated by U.S. President George W. Bush in Executive Order 13239 of December 12, 2001).

2001 In the light of the New York attack by terrorists the German Bundestag votes full support and solidarity with the USA, including military support.

2002 Civil war starts in C?te d'Ivoire.

2002 Death of Sergei Bodrov Jr., Russian actor (born 1971).

2003 Death of Slim Dusty, Australian singer (b. 1927)

2003 Musician Elliott Smith plays his final concert at Redfest in Salt Lake City, Utah, only weeks before his suicide.

2004 Death of ?rpßd Bogsch, Hungarian-born civil servant (born 1919).

2005 North Korea agrees to stop building nuclear weapons in exchange for aid and cooperation.

2006 A memorial service for recently deceased Australian personality Steve Irwin takes place at Australia Zoo, Queensland, Australia. The service is broadcast across Australia and other parts of the world.

2006 Death of Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (born 1950).

2006 In Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the spot at Hanlan Point where Babe Ruth hit his first professional home run is commemorated with a plaque. The historic home run came on September 5, 1914.

2006 Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra of Thailand declares a state of emergency in Bangkok as members of the Royal Thai Army stage a coup d'Ttat. The army announces the removal of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra from power.

2007 Death of Antoine Ghanem, Lebanese politician (born 1943).

2007 Typhoon Wipha hits Fuding, China. Authorities had evacuated over two million people prior to the storm's landfall.

2008 Major League Baseball's instant replay system produces its first reversal when Tampa Bay Rays' Carlos Pena had a two-run double changed to a three-run homer during the fourth inning against the Minnesota Twins. The initial umpire call was based on fan interference, which the video replay showed was not the case.