A major offensive by the Pakistani military against Islamist militants in the country’s Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) and North West Frontier Province (NWFP) has effectively become a campaign of collective punishment against the fiercely independent Pashtun tribes that live in the region. As tens of thousands of refugees pour out of the remote Bajaur agency, they are reporting indiscriminate air strikes and helicopter gunship attacks, devastated villages and farmlands, and hundreds of dead and wounded civilians.
The air strikes are guaranteed to do two things: kill scores of civilians, and radicalize those left standing against the government in Islamabad.
At the end of the day, only dialogue and inclusion, coupled with real economic progress, can stabilize the situation in Pakistan.
Unfortunately for the Pakistani people (with US military "encouragement"),the Pakistani government has chosen the first option over the second here.