SYRIA | WHAT REALLY HAPPENED


SYRIA

Sep 29 07:00

Anti-war protesters demonstrate to say no to air strikes in Iraq

Anti-war protesters gathered in Cardiff to make their feelings known about air strikes in Iraq.

Placards such as ‘bombs kill innocent people’ and ‘we can’t feed the poor but we can fund a war’ were held aloft around the Aneurin Bevan statue in Queen Street on Sunday afternoon.

Sep 29 06:51

Turkish tanks take up position on Syrian border next to besieged Kurdish town

Turkish tanks took up position on a hill overlooking the besieged Syrian border town of Kobane on Sept. 29 after several shells hit Turkish territory as militants of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) fired on the town, a Reuters correspondent said.

At least 15 tanks were positioned, some with their guns pointed towards Syrian territory, near a Turkish military base just northwest of Kobane. Plumes of smoke rose up as shells hit both the eastern and western sides of the city.

More tanks and armoured vehicles moved towards the Syrian border after at least two shells hit Turkish territory on Sept. 29, without causing damage.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

In other words, yet another false-flag attack to get the war really going.

Sep 29 06:50

Media censor Argentine president’s remarks at UN

The Argentine president questioned countries such as the United States for attacking groups, including the ISIL Takfiri terrorists which Washington previously backed against the Syrian government.

“Where do ISIS (ISIL) and Al-Qaeda take their guns from? Yesterday’s freedom fighters are today’s terrorists,” Cristina Fernandez said, blasting US policies vis-a-vis terrorism.

The ISIL terrorists, who were initially trained by the CIA in Jordan in 2012 to destabilize the Syrian government, control large parts of Syria’s northern territory. The group sent its members into neighboring Iraq in June and seized large parts of land there.

Sep 29 06:42

U.S-led raids hit Syria grain silos, killing civilians

U.S.-led air strikes hit grain silos and other targets in Islamic State-controlled territory in northern and eastern Syria overnight, killing civilians and wounding militants, a group monitoring the war said on Monday.

Webmaster's Commentary: 
Sep 28 08:14

Israel continues providing support to terrorist organizations in Syria

The Israeli occupation continued providing support to the armed terrorist organizations in Syria through admitting the injured terrorists to its hospitals and offering the necessary treatment to them.

Sep 28 07:16

Obama’s Fake Pretext: “Going After the Super-Evil Khorasans Who are About to Attack Us”

Agence France-Presse reports:

The US says it has hit a little-known group called “Khorasan” in Syria, but experts and activists argue it actually struck Al-Qaeda’s affiliate Al-Nusra Front, which fights alongside Syrian rebels.

In announcing its raids in the northern province of Aleppo on Tuesday, Washington described the group it targeted as Khorasan, a cell of Al-Qaeda veterans planning attacks against the West.

But experts and activists cast doubt on the distinction between Khorasan and Al-Nusra Front, which is Al-Qaeda’s Syrian branch.

“In Syria, no one had ever heard talk of Khorasan until the US media brought it up,” said Rami Abdel Rahman, director of the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Webmaster's Commentary: 
Sep 27 07:36

Erdogan calls for no-fly zone over Syria

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says a no-fly zone should be established over Syria, claiming that such a zone is required to protect part of the country from attacks by Syria's air force.

Sep 27 07:35

U.S. Considers a No-Fly Zone to Protect Civilians From Airstrikes by Syria

The Obama administration has not ruled out establishing a no-fly zone over northeastern Syria to protect civilians from airstrikes by the Syrian government, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said Friday.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

So that whole ISIS thing has already been discarded and the war in Syria is a war against Syria!

Sep 27 07:15

US in 'near continuous' strikes against ISIS in Syria

The U.S.-led coalition widened its airstrikes against ISIS in Syria on Saturday as part of "near continuous" raids against the jihadists.

The targets were said to include ISIS fighters around the mainly Kurdish town of Ain al-Arab where a jihadist advance has sent 160,000 refugees streaming into nearby Turkey.

The coalition also hit ISIS in the central province of Homs for the first time as well as in the town of Minbej, near the western limit of the group's control, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

The expanded operations in Syria by Washington and its Arab allies came after three more European governments deployed fighter jets for strikes against ISIS in Iraq, freeing up U.S. air power.

Sep 27 07:12

Is Iraq War 2 [actually, 3] really illegal Syria war? 9/11 Truthers 'as dangerous as ISIS'?

Sep 27 07:09

Lebanese prime minister pleads for help against extremists

In an emotional appeal to world leaders meeting in New York, Lebanon's prime minister on Friday said his country is facing a "fierce terrorist onslaught" and a national disaster created by more than a million Syrian refugees flooding the tiny nation.

Sep 27 07:04

TURKISH ARMY COULD BE USED IN SYRIA, SAYS ERDOGAN

Turkish army could be used to help set up a secure zone in Syria, if there was an international agreement to establish such a haven for refugees fleeing ISIS militants, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said in comments published on Saturday.

Sep 27 06:57

The US doesn’t want mercenary groups like Blackwater destroying ISIS as it needs ISIS to INVADE Syria [VIDEO]

Blackwater Founder: We Could Have Fought ISIS if Obama Hadn’t ‘Crushed My Old Business’

As soon as the US changes strategy from attacking ISIS to invading Syria then Israel will also jump in

This is proof that mercenary groups are not only used for security but also for SECRET offensive military plans

Sep 27 06:55

National demonstration: Stop the bombing of Iraq - don't attack Syria - Saturday 4 October

NATIONAL DEMONSTRATION SATURDAY 4 OCTOBER ASSEMBLE 1PM TEMPLE PLACE LONDON WC2R 3BD

Sep 26 14:06

BEX ALERT - ISIS Terrorist Attack on Substations and Power Grid Imminent?

Up to 40 jihadist US citizens who have fought alongside terrorist group ISIS are now back on U.S. soil, possibly to strike the vulnerable electric and subway substations. According to Rep. Tim Bishop (D-N.Y.) and a senior Obama administration official, more than 100 American citizens left the country to join ISIS or the al-Nursa Front to fight in Syria, but now it’s believed that 40 American terrorists have leaked back into the U.S., lurking in the shadows.

Sep 26 08:55

Code Pink vigil at White House against bombing Iraq and Syria

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Photos sent in by Anastasia Taylor of Code Pink, who was on the radio show earlier this week.

Sep 26 06:46

I call Bull S%*T on ISIS Airstrikes! Video proof of foreknowledge!

Webmaster's Commentary: 

You're going to love this one. The first part of the video shows the eeeeeevil ISIS surrounding an old artillery piece, which isn't actually firing. Then at about 1:12, we cut to a scene where the artillery piece is standing alone. Everyone has moved well away from the artillery, which is quite a coincidence (and if you believe that one I have some of Saddam's nuclear weapons to sell you) because that is the moment the bomb hits!

Sep 26 06:00

U.S. Reassured Syria’s Assad in Back-Channel Message

An Iraqi envoy conveyed a U.S. message to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad last week that airstrikes against Islamic State extremists in Syria wouldn’t be directed against his regime, Iraq’s prime minister said.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Suuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuure...

Sep 26 05:56

Cameron wants airstrikes in Syria - but fears Labour opposition

The PM believes that there is "no legal barrier" to action, but wants to "proceed on the basis of consensus".

Sep 26 05:49

US Bombed ‘Empty Buildings’ in Airstrikes on ISIL in Syria

According CNN Middle East correspondent Arwa Damon (photo, above), residents from the town of Raqqa, in northeastern Syria had “mixed reactions to US strikes”. The reason given was a real shocker:

Damon revealed on air early Wednesday that ISIL terrorists who were held up in the town may have been tipped off weeks in advance to the US airstrikes on Tuesday. According to Damon:

“15-20 days before the airstrikes, (ISIL) buildings were evacuated, and fighters then mixed in with the local population”.

Maybe Damon let the truth slip out by accident, or maybe she was trying to do what US journalists so often are not allowed to do by challenging Washington’s prefabricated narrative. Regardless, CNN’s chief war enthusiast Wolf Blitzer did not feel the need to pursue the point.

Sep 26 05:33

War on ISIL Is Not What It Seems

The covert US-led war on Syria, under the guise of fighting terrorism, is now well underway despite its flagrant criminality and fraudulence. Thanks to the Western and Arab-sponsored terror networks, as well as Zionist-controlled Western media, the military aggression is being conducted with a grotesque image of humanitarianism and lawfulness.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Sep 26 05:09

David Cameron warns world leaders of Isis's 'murderous plans to expand its borders' and pledges to take action

David Cameron has warned world leaders at the United Nations that the Islamic State, or Isis, harbours “murderous plans to expand its borders well beyond Iraq and Syria… and to carry out terrorist atrocities right across the world” and pledge concerted action by Britain, including air strikes, to thwart it.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Not mentioned in this article is that Cameron basically said that anyone who questions the official story of 9-11 or 7-7, or claims Muslims are being persecuted, is supporting the terrorists. This is nonsense. I do not support the terrorists. I have never worked for Mossad!!!!!

Sep 25 11:14

The Campaign Against ISIL Could Cost $1.5B a Month

On September 22, the air campaign against ISIS expanded into Syria in a coordinated attack that included 47 Tomahawk missiles and nearly 50 coalition aircraft. This action had been all but inevitable since the commencement of overflight reconnaissance in Syria on August 26. Significantly, these strikes also included targets of the Khorasan Group, an al-Qaeda affiliate unrelated to ISIS. Also significantly, five Arab militaries—Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, and Qatar—participated in the operation. At this stage, there are three important questions to address: the targeting of the strikes, the implications of this action, and potential challenges that might await the operation moving forward.

Sep 25 11:13

America's new war in Syria is a total disaster

On Monday night in Syria, U.S. planes began bombing ISIS targets, in addition to a couple of al Qaeda affiliates (they just keep popping up, don't they?).

This action is only the most visible and recent part of what has become a comprehensive strategic disaster for the United States. Despite not being able to articulate any sort of logical strategy, let alone any actually compelling interest for what we're doing, we're stumbling into yet another boneheaded, open-ended conflict in the Middle East.

We're going to regret this.

Sep 25 11:07

ISIS War to Last Years; US Doing Vast Majority of Strikes

Pentagon officials sought to downplay the day-to-day situation in Syria and Iraq, saying it’s time for Americans to stay thinking of the ISIS war in terms of years.

Sep 25 09:49

US losing 200 million dollar every week on isis bombing.

$22-30.000 per hour fly.
$20.000 per rocket dropped
Successful flight and dropped missiles cost between $84.000 and 142.000
$ 500 billion plan on isis said that 500 billion devided to the members of isis is $30 million each.

Sep 25 09:48

Civilians Killed in Strikes on ISIS, as Fears Grow on the Ground

Yesterday's U.S.-led airstrikes on Syria, targeting an al-Qaida command center in Idlib, resulted in the death of at least 11 civilians, according to the Center for Documentation of Violation in Syria (VDC).

Sep 25 09:48

Bahraini fighter jets join Syria strikes

Bahraini fighter jets have joined US-led air strikes in Syria to prevent extremist fighters from expanding throughout the region.

The US operation included the Royal Bahrain Air Force (RBAF) and military forces from Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE and Jordan, which was part of an international action plan to stamp out the Islamic State (IS) terrorist organisation, said a report in the Gulf Daily News (GDN), our sister publication.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

I try to stay as logically focused as humanly possible, when I am posting.

But there is one thing I want to share with our readers, because I am pretty sure that some of you will have a resonance with this.

Monday, when we got the news here on Oahu that President Obama had begun a a series of air strikes against Syria, I felt as though he had knocked on our door; I had graciously let him in; and then he proceeded to knock this 65 year old gal to the floor with a sucker punch to my gut.

That is how completely betrayed I feel by this government right now.

And for God's sake, look at the company the US government is keeping in this Administration's "Coalition of the (allegedly) Willing, 2014"!!!

Saudi Arabia, which carries out beheadings frequently, and Bahrain are two of the worst human rights abusers on this planet, and probably on a couple of others as well. (do we call that Species rights abuse on other planets?!?)

So THESE are our allies, chosen in order to take out Bashar Al Assad, who has done absolutely NOTHING to the United States?!?

President Obama, there is nothing that can take the moral stench out of this decision you have made, nothing whatsoever.

The country I used to believe I lived in exists no more; that is one hell of a hard reality to get my head around, but it is the absolute, stone cold truth.

Sep 25 09:14

Coporate media poll - Do you support UK air strikes against Isis in Syria?

Webmaster's Commentary: 

And let's have one of our own as a check!

Sep 25 08:37

U.S. airstrikes on Islamic State and Khorasan Group insufficient, critics say

President Obama is playing too nice in the air war against the Islamic State and the Khorasan Group, critics say, pointing to a spared bombing target in Syria as an example.

Photos of the aftermath of a U.S.-led airstrike late Monday showed that the Islamic State finance center’s rooftop communications array had been destroyed, but the building itself was left intact.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

I guess the push is on the just nuke Iraq and Syria and get on with attacking Iran, Russia, and China.

Sep 25 08:36

Calls grow for U.S. to take out Assad, along with Islamic State

Since the United States is already conducting airstrikes over Syria to root out and kill Islamic State terrorists, the military ought to just go ahead and bomb President Bashar Assad — that’s the theory coming from the Syrian National Coalition camp anyway.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Assad is the real target and has been all along. ISIS is just the manufactured excuse.

Sep 25 08:14

Turkey Preparing for Syria Occupation?

As Western-backed terrorists drive allegedly tens of thousands of refugees into Turkish territory, and amid what is being called a "sustainable, persistent campaign" of air assaults, missile strikes, and other assorted attacks on Syrian territory, the West is preparing to dust off plans to establish a "buffer zone" in northern Syria protected by NATO troops - particularly from Turkey.

Hurriyet Daily News in its article, "Turkey’s top soldier inspects troops on Syrian border as gov't signals joining anti-ISIL bid, " indicated Turkey was preparing to join the unilateral, illegal strikes on Syria led by the US and backed by several Persian Gulf autocracies. Hurriyet reported:

Turkey’s land forces commander inspected troops along the Syrian border on Sept. 24, as the Turkish government signaled a policy change in actively joining the international coalition led by the United States against the jihadist threat in Iraq and Syria.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

The Turkish Parliament is set to introduce legislation providing troops for the US-backed anti ISL forces next week.

Were I a betting person, I would be willing to bet that this legislation will be passed.

It appears that the US is preparing for an occupation of Syria, and Al-Assad's ouster.

Sep 25 08:06

Report: U.S. Air Strike in Syria Kills Six Children, Zero ISIS Members

According to a report by Al-Jazeera, which is aligned with Qatar, a vehement supporter of the U.S. military campaign against ISIS, missiles targeting the town of Kafr Diryan destroyed two residential areas, killing 27 people, most of whom were civilians.

“The locals say that this is the first time that they were attacked by missiles since the outbreak of Syrian revolution. The paradox, they say, is they were bombed not by the Syrian regime, but by an international coalition which killed and wounded many of them under the pretext of fighting terrorism,” states the report.

One of the locals interviewed for the report asserted that no ISIS militants were even active in the area.

Sep 25 08:05

A Look Inside The Secret Deal With Saudi Arabia That Unleashed The Syrian Bombing

And, not surprising, it is once again Assad whose fate was the bargaining chip to get the Saudis on the US' side, because in order to launch the incursion into Syrian sovereign territory "took months of behind-the-scenes work by the U.S. and Arab leaders, who agreed on the need to cooperate against Islamic State, but not how or when. The process gave the Saudis leverage to extract a fresh U.S. commitment to beef up training for rebels fighting Mr. Assad, whose demise the Saudis still see as a top priority."

In other words, John Kerry came, saw and promised everything he could, up to and including the missing piece of the puzzle - Syria itself on a silver platter - in order to prevent another diplomatic humiliation.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

For me, the wild card in this equation is, how far will Russia allow the regime in Damascus to fall before they feel they feel compelled to act?!?

And what, precisely, is Putin prepared to do?

Wish I had a "Vulcan mind-meld" capability - at a distance - on this.

The way Obama has gone in with bomb strikes in Iraq and Syria, it does not appear that there is any way he can, or will, de-escalate any time soon.

Sep 25 07:54

Pentagon War Plans in 2001: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, & Iran

Here is the transcript of Gen. Clark’s account.
CLARK: About 10 days after 9/11, I went to the Pentagon, and I saw [Defense] Secretary [Donald] Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary [Paul] Wolfowitz. I went downstairs to say hello to some of the people on the joint staff that used to work for me.

One of the generals called me in and said, “Sir, you gotta come in and talk to me.” I said, “Sir, you’re too busy.” And he said, “No, no! We’ve made the decision — we’re going to war with Iraq!” This is on or about the 28th of September. I said, “We’re going to war with Iraq? Why!?” He said, “I don’t know!” He said, “I guess they don’t know what else to do.” So I said, “Did they find some information connecting Saddam to al Qaeda?” He said, “No, no, there’s nothing new that way. They just made the decision to go to war with Iraq.” He said, “I guess its like we don’t know what to do about terrorists, but we’ve got a good military and we can take down governments.”

Webmaster's Commentary: 

OK , folks; if it wasn't clear to you that these invasions are part of a long-form plan before reading what General Clark had to say, I would like to hope that you do now.

There was a marvelous line in the second Sherlock Homes film, where the Moriarty character says that he wants to control the market on bullets and bandages for the coming war.

And this is no different than the military industrial corporations which are collectively SALIVATING over the next major military confrontation the US will be having, because the profitability of such a war for them will be extraordinarily high.

Wars are NEVER about our safety, security, and alleged "freedoms"; it is all about private corporate profit, and this is why our young men and women in uniform are going to die and get maimed for life in the horrendous military confrontation I see coming, which may well engulf the entire world.

Sep 25 07:25

“Humanitarian Air Strikes” against Syria: U.S. Breaks International Law, Again

The United States, assisted by a handful of Arab nations, conducted air strikes on Syria on 23rd September. The attacks mark a striking expansion in America’s military campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and have occurred without the consent of the Syrian government. A U.S. State Department official confirmed that the Syrian government was not asked for authorisation, saying: “We did not seek the regime’s permission, we didn’t coordinate our actions with the Syrian government, and Secretary [of State John] Kerry did not send a letter to the Syrian regime.” The U.S. airstrikes are therefore a clear violation of international law, as Damascus had earlier said that any direct action by the United States within Syria would constitute an act of war and a breach of its sovereignty.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

"Hey; that's what we DO!" -- Official White Horse Souse

Sep 25 07:20

Pitfalls of yet another U.S. war on Muslims: Siddiqui

There’s no eliminating the Islamic State without fixing Iraq and without removing Bashar Assad in Syria.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

And there you have it. ISIS was just a manufactured excuse. The goal of these attacks, as has been the coal of three years of covert attempts at overthrow, is kicking Assad out of Syria and replacing him with a puppet regime.

Sep 25 06:58

Airstrikes target oil refineries in Syria held by Islamic extremists

Making the first major push to choke off financing for Islamic State, U.S. and allied Arab warplanes bombed a dozen small oil refineries in eastern Syria on Wednesday that U.S. officials said were part of a $2 million-a-day revenue stream for the Sunni Muslim extremist group.

Webmaster's Commentary: 
Apr 05 08:51

Norweigan general leads UN team into Syria to talk about UN mission to verify cease-fire

A team led by a Norwegian major general arrived Thursday in Damascus to negotiate the possible deployment of U.N. monitors for any cease-fire between Syrian troops and rebel forces.

Ahmad Fawzi, a spokesman for peace envoy Kofi Annan, reported the arrival and said the U.N. is already asking members to contribute 200 to 250 soldiers to monitor a cease-fire that officials hope would start April 10.

Annan has asked the Norwegian major-general, Robert Mood, to begin discussing with the Syrian authorities “the eventual deployment of this U.N. supervision and monitoring mission,” Fawzi said.

Such a contingent would first have to be authorized by the 15-nation Security Council.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

I frankly wouldn't hold my breath that magically, just because of a date on a calendar, that the "rebel forces" (read: hired mercs) will lay down their weapons, and sing "Kumbyah", along with Syrian forces.

My suspicion is that Annan pushed al-Assad for this deadline for cessation of hostilities because such a deadline is not achievable.

And what happens, then, on the 11th of April, if there has been no substantive cease-fire? And what world player will be willing, if not eager, to act, even without a UN mandate?

Were I a betting woman, I would not bet against some kind of "shadow NATO engagement" to bring about regime change, but the kind of involvement which couldn't quite be pinned directly on NATO by a very angered China and Russia, which would, reasonably, see such an action as an "end-run" against the UN, and done without any UN mandate whatever.

Apr 05 04:59

Reporter: Al Jazeera told me to ignore Syria intervention


Al Jazeera has supplied Syrian rebels with satellite communication tools to ensure telephone and Internet connection, claims Ali Hashim, a former correspondent of the Qatar-funded channel. The equipment was smuggled from Lebanon, he told RT.

Apr 04 19:11

In Defense of Helen Thomas: What’s Wrong With History?

Helen Thomas’s recent request to purchase a table at the upcoming White House Correspondents Association (WHCA) annual dinner has been rejected.

In a comment on that story I said, “It’s hard to imagine anything more wrong than this.”

I base my opinion on the fact that the 91-year-old Thomas, a former WHCA president, is unique among American journalists, having covered 10 different presidential administrations in a career stretching back to Dwight Eisenhower.

It is because of Thomas as much as anyone else that women were first included at the WHCA dinner since, as the WHCA’s website mentions:

Apr 04 13:56

Al Jazeera Smuggled Satellite Communication Tools To Syria Rebel

A former Al Jazeera correspondent reveals the news outlet smuggled Satellite internet and phone communication tools to the Syria rebels through Lebanon.

Apr 04 12:03

US Mercenaries Intervening In Syria - Leaked Emails

Leaked emails show that US Mercenaries are working with armed terrorists in Syria to overthrow Assad at the request of and under air cover of US officials.

Apr 04 09:50

Syria: America Steps onto the Slippery Slope

As I've said before, the Syrian situation is such a mess that I don't claim to have a solution. And I guess that limits how indignant I can get about solutions that other people are pushing, including those that my government is pursuing. But could we at least be honest about we're doing? The U.S., by giving the rebels this communications equipment, is now officially helping Syrians kill other Syrians. That's a big step.

There was one other big development at the "Friends of Syria" conference that the Times story was about: Some Arab states are creating a $100 million fund to pay rebel soldiers. Put these two developments together and this looks a lot like the first few steps toward a thoroughgoing intervention by a coalition involving the U.S., Arab states, and others.

Apr 04 09:09

US: UN Must Act Against Syria After April 10 Deadline

A new UN Security Council resolution reiterating their approval of the Kofi Annan ceasefire deal in Syria and urging both sides to stop fighting by April 10 has been stalled on specific wording, with the US seemingly trying to work the resolution into some sort of mandate.

US Ambassador Susan Rice insisted that the United Nations has to act “urgently and seriously” against Syria once the April 10 deadline the Annan government agreed upon passes, assuming there is no halt to operations.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Memo to US Ambassador Susan Rice to the UN: How do you get your Russian and Chinese counterparts on board with the wording of such a resolution?

And if you cannot get them on board with this UN Syrian resolution, Madam Ambassador, what then?!?!?Are we to expect NATO to attack and invade on the 11th?!?

And who the heck gave the US government the moral authority to speak for the world on this?!?

And Madam Ambassador, the short answer is, nobody!!

Apr 04 07:20

“Friends of Syria”—the antechamber of a wider Mideast war

The so-called “Friends of Syria” conference convened in Istanbul last Sunday marks a major escalation in fomenting civil war and preparing for direct imperialist intervention. What is envisioned and is being actively prepared is a bloodletting that will eclipse the death toll thus far in the Syrian conflict and a war that has the potential of triggering a global conflict threatening millions.

Led by Washington and its principal NATO allies—Britain, France and Germany—together with Saudi Arabia and the rest of the reactionary Persian Gulf oil monarchies and Turkey, the conference produced two substantive developments.

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