Following the World Trade Center collapses thermal hot spots with temperatures in excess
of 700°C existed deep within the wreckage of the buildings. These temperatures were sustained for a long
period of time.
| ||"This is how it's been since
day one...and this is six weeks later. As we get closer to the center of this it gets hotter and hotter - it's
probably 1500 degrees." |
WMV video download (616kB)
|"Out on the rubble it's still, I
believe, 1,100 degrees. The guys boots just melt within a few hours."|
WMV video download (130kB)
In perfect conditions the maximum temperature that can be reached by hydrocarbons such as jet fuel
burning in air is 1520° F (825° C). When the World Trade Center collapsed the deeply buried fires would have
been deprived of oxygen and their temperatures would have significantly decreased.
Why was the
temperature at the core of "the pile" nearly 500° F hotter than the maximum burning temperature of jet fuel a
full seven days after the collapses? There were no infernos in either
of the twin towers before they collapsed, so what caused the hot spots deep in their wreckage?
|Dr. Frank Gayle, Metals Expert, on the jet fuel fires which burned in the WTC buildings: |
gut reaction would be the jet fuel is what made the fire so very intense, a lot of people figured that's what
melted the steel. Indeed it didn't, the steel did not melt." [Firehouse.com]
Molten steel did not exist in the WTC buildings prior to the collapses, but...
Molten steel was
found "three, four, and five weeks later, when the rubble was being removed [from WTCs 1 & 2]," Loizeaux said.
He said molten steel was also found at 7 WTC, which collapsed mysteriously in the late afternoon. [American Free
What caused the steel to melt? How did it stay molten for
months after the collapses?
Conventional fires cannot account for the above, but thermite can.
thermite reaction generates extraordinarily high temperatures (>2500° C) and provides a credible explanation for
the fires, hot spots and molten steel (a by-product of the thermite reaction) found in the collapsed
|"Anyone who has ever watched a building being demolished on purpose knows that if you're going to do this
you have to get at the under-infrastructure of the building to bring it down" |
Peter Jennings, ABC News
WMV video download (171kB).
"If I were to bring the towers down, I would put explosives in the basement to get the
weight of the building to help collapse the structure"
Mark Loizeaux, president,
Controlled Demolition Inc.
The fact that the core of WTC 1 failed below the third
floor indicates the above occurred, as does the following:
"I guess about three minutes later you just heard explosions coming from building two, the south tower. It
seemed like it took forever, but there were about ten explosions." [Craig Carlsen -- Firefighter (F.D.N.Y.)]
|When the rescue team reached an area directly in front of Tower Two, Antonio said he'd take over the
equipment cart Will had pushed from Building 5. ... The team moved ahead. ... Suddenly the hallway began to
shudder as a terrible deafening roar swept over them. That's when Will saw the giant fireball explode in the
|As Ron DiFrancesco ran away [from WTC 2] he was hit by a fireball ... he was probably the last person out
alive. "I saw the fireball and heard a loud noise. That's all I remember..."|
WMV video download (291kB)
| ||"All of a sudden I heard a
roar and I saw one of the towers blow ... I saw from street level as though it exploded up, a giant rolling
ball of flame..." |
WMV video download (392kB)
|Survivor in WTC 1 stairwell during WTC 2 collapse: "...and all of a sudden this huge cloud of dark grey
smoke comes shooting up the stairway ... and it was hot - very, very hot."|
WMV video download (201kB)
|"...I heard a ground level explosion [at WTC 1] and I'm like holy shit,
and then you heard that twisting metal wreckage again." [James
McKinley - E.M.T. (E.M.S.)]|
|"I was standing next to 1 World Trade Center and then all of a sudden I heard rumbling and we all started
running away from it. The glass like blew out and threw me onto the sidewalk ... and I couldn't see for like
WMV video download (513kB)
Thermite gives off dense
white smoke with very little odor.
The smoke rising from the wreckage should have been black,
The wreckage of WTC 2 radiated the greatest heat on September 16, 2001.
Thermite detonations would account for this.
reaction generates large amounts of ultraviolet radiation:
|On 27 September, the officials ordered 2000 gallons of [Pyrocool FEF], which when added to water produces
a slippery, low-viscosity foam. ... Berger adds that "Pyrocool also contains two powerful ultra-violet
absorbers." [New Scientist]|
The core column shown above the firefighter was discovered after the collapse. The angled cut
occurs in exactly the manner that shaped charges slice through
steel beams to control the way they fall. Notice the hardened once liquid metal. Was thermite
used with the shaped charge?