eight ton steel I-beam is six inches thick. It was selected to be preserved for future generations for the
near perfect horseshoe bend ... it bent without almost a single crack in it. It takes thousands of degrees to
bend steel like this.
Ground Zero was a disaster site like no other—with hazards everywhere. Shards of
steel lay upon shards of steel, shifting and unstable, uncovering red hot metal
beams excavated from deep beneath layers of sub-floors, exposing further dark
Firefighters atop a number of ladder trucks were spraying
in the areas of greatest smoke. The average temperature beneath the rubble is
said to be 1500 F. so that when steel is brought up it is molten and takes two
or three days to cool down. [nd.edu]
"This is how it's been since
day one...and this is six weeks later. As we get closer to the center of this it gets hotter and hotter - it's
probably 1500 degrees."
In perfect conditions the maximum temperature that can be reached by hydrocarbons such as jet fuel
burning in air is 1520° F (825° C). When the World Trade Center collapsed the deeply buried fires would have
been deprived of oxygen and their temperatures would have significantly decreased.
Dr. Frank Gayle, Metals Expert, on the jet fuel fires which burned in the WTC buildings:
gut reaction would be the jet fuel is what made the fire so very intense, a lot of people figured that's what
melted the steel. Indeed it didn't, the steel did not melt." [Firehouse.com]
Molten steel did not exist in the WTC buildings prior to the collapses, but...
Molten steel was
found "three, four, and five weeks later, when the rubble was being removed [from WTCs 1 & 2]," Loizeaux said.
He said molten steel was also found at 7 WTC, which collapsed mysteriously in the late afternoon. [American Free
What you had were large columns of steel that were just stuck
into massive amounts of molten steel and other metals, that had just fused
together from the heat and bonded together from the strength of the collapse. [theeagle.com]
One of the more unusual
artefacts to emerge from the rubble is this rock-like object which has come to be known as "the meteorite".
"This is a fused element of molten steel and concrete all fused by the heat into one single element."
Conventional fires cannot account for the above, but thermite can.
thermite reaction generates extraordinarily high temperatures (>2500° C) and provides a credible explanation for
the fires, hot spots and molten steel (a by-product of the thermite reaction) found in the collapsed
"I guess about three minutes later you just heard explosions coming from building two, the south tower. It
seemed like it took forever, but there were about ten explosions." [Craig Carlsen -- Firefighter (F.D.N.Y.)]
at the base of WTC 2 prior to its collapse.
Suddenly the hallway began to shudder as a terrible deafening roar swept over
them. That's when Will saw the giant fireball explode in the street. [bowhunter.com]
"...and I looked out the window cos the windows exploded and the
street below caved in. The whole street caved in. You could see below the
street, and at that point there was like fireballs coming up..."
Survivor in WTC 1 stairwell during WTC 2 collapse: "...and all of a sudden this huge cloud of dark grey
smoke comes shooting up the stairway ... and it was hot - very, very hot."