The Special Committee's Whitewater Report

ENDNOTES FOR PART 1: THE FOSTER PHASE

1 Elsewhere in his notes, Mr. Foster wrote:

A.

Colo analysis was of economic loss

(1) did not take into account interest deductions

(2) calculation included some items for which there were no canceled cks. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000517. "Colo analysis" was an apparent reference to the Lyons report. 2 In a later interview with the FBI, Ms. Seidman acknowledged that she worked with Foster on "accusations concerning shorted health positions taken by HILLARY CLINTON in connection with Value Partners." II Hearings, p. 1794. 3 See, e.g., Stefan Fatsis, Stocks Sink on Clinton Economic Plan, Associated Press, Feb. 16, 1993 ("Pharmaceutical stocks led yesterday's decline. Clinton week accused drug companies of price gouging and made them a prime target of health care reform efforts"). A detailed University of Michigan study concluded that the public pronouncements of the Clintons criticizing pharmaceutical firms depressed stock prices of those firms by as much as 27 percent. S. Craig Pirrong, Political Rhetoric and Stock Price Volatility: A Case Study, Catalyst Institute Research Project, University of Michigan, November 1993. 4 In reality, the number of lawyers in the Bush administration was about 14, the same as under President Reagan. Jeremy Rabkin, "At the President's Side: The Role of the White House Counsel in Constitutional Policy," Law and Contemporary Problems, Volume 56, Autumn 1993, at 63, 71 n. 39. Although the official directory of the Clinton White House lists, in addition to the Counsel and his deputy, only several Associate Counsels, the staff actually includes about 13 lawyers. Id. at 71, n. 39. According to one commentator, "Official listings of the White House staff never give the full number of lawyers because extra lawyers are usually `detailed' from departments to circumvent congressional restrictions or concerns about excessive size of the full time staff." Ibid. 5 It is illustrative to compare Mr. Nussbaum's vision of the White House Counsel with that of his successor, Lloyd Cutler, who said upon his appointment:

The Counsel is supposed to be counsel for the President in office and for the Office of the Presidency. . . . When it comes to a President's private affairs, particularly private affairs that occurred before he took office, those should be handled by his own personal private counsel and, in my view, not by the White House Counsel. Remarks Announcing the Appointment of Lloyd Cutler as Special Counsel to the President and an Exchange with Reporter, 30 Wkly Comp. Pres. Document 462, 465 (Mar. 8, 1994). 6 The remainder of the index was redacted. 7 All the other materials on the index, as in the first index, had been redacted. 8 A file labelled "WHITEWATER DEVELOPMENT, Personal and Confidential VWF" was transferred from Foster's office to the Clintons' personal lawyers. 9 Likewise, neither Mr. Spafford's nor Mr. Sloan's notes listed Mr. Foster's personal diary during the transition period--which Park Police investigator John Rolla later reviewed, Rolla, 6/20/95 Dep. p. 96--or Foster's notebook on the Travelgate scandal, White House Documents F000002-F000162, which Mr. Nussbaum apparently removed from Mr. Foster's briefcase on July 22, 1993, and kept in a safe until March, 1994. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 1. 10 Like Mr. Nussbaum, the President and Mrs. Clinton have denied knowledge of Foster's work involving Whitewater. Following are excerpts from a deposition of President Clinton by former Special Counsel Robert Fiske:

Q: Was he [Foster] during this period of time working on any matters for you personally?

A: Yes, I believe that he was trying to handle the transition of our assets into a blind trust. I think that's all he was doing.

Q: Were you aware that he was also doing some work in connection with the preparation and filing of the tax returns for Whitewater for '90, '91, and '92?

A: I don't recall that I was aware of that, no. Fiske received the same testimony from the First Lady:

Q: Was he [Foster] doing any personal work for you or the President other than the blind trust?

A: Not that I'm aware of, no. Oh, wait. The only thing I would add to that is I think he also did some personal advising, or at least was in some way involved in the tax returns when they were being finalized for '93, but that was part of the blind trust work, as I recall.

Q: Your own tax returns?

A: Yes.

Q: Was he doing work, to your knowledge, with respect to the filing of the Whitewater tax returns?

A: Not that I know of, no. It is unclear whether Mrs. Clinton's answer to Mr. Fiske's question encompassed Mr. Foster's work on the Clintons' personal returns relating to their tax liability for Whitewater. In her interview with the FBI, Ms. Seidman reported that she attended meetings with the Clintons' personal lawyers at Williams & Connolly on the treatment of the 1992 sale of Whitewater on the Clintons' 1993 tax returns. 11 The Special Committee on September 15, 1995, issued a subpoena to Bell Atlantic requesting identification of the person or entity registered to that number. On September 27, 1995, the phone company replied with records indicating that the number was not registered as in service on July 20, 1993. After additional review, Bell Atlantic advised the Special Committee on November 28, 1995, that it was unable to determine to whom 202-628-7087 was registered in July 1993. Representatives of the telephone company speculated that the number may have been an auxiliary number for which it did not maintain separate billing records, or that the number may have been confidentially assigned to the White House for secured use. Similarly, the White House advised the Special Committee on November 15 and November 28, 1995, that it was unable to identify the person whom Mrs. Clinton called on July 20, 1993. 12 On December 5, 1995, Chairman D'Amato wrote to the White House that "[t]he Special Committee now has reason to believe that the number may have been used by the White House Communications Agency as a secure telephone line." 13 However, a Park Police report of an interview with Mr. Nussbaum on July 22, 1993, noted that Mr. Nussbaum stated the search for a suicide note with Patsy Thomasson lasted from 2200 hours to 2400 hours. Park Police Document 29. 14 Mr. Nussbaum testified that although he does not remember, he "might have gotten up and walked out and come back." Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 38. 15 The only possible exception may be the brief moment when, according to Ms. Thomasson, Ms. Williams left and Mr. Nussbaum entered the office for the second time. 16 The standard procedure for the cleaning staff was to exit whenever a White House staff member enters his or her office. S. Hrg. 7/26/95 p. 13. 17 Officer O'Neill initially did not know who Ms. Thomasson was, but later identified her. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 19. 18 Ms. Williams' attorney submitted an affidavit stating that he "arranged to have Ms. Williams polygraphed" by a private polygrapher. Anderson, 7/31/95 Dep. Exh. 1. The affidavit represented that this private "examination confirmed that Ms. Williams was truthful in her assertion that she did not remove any documents from Mr. Foster's office on the night of his death." Anderson, 7/31/95 Dep. Exh. 1. After receiving the favorable results from her private polygrapher, Ms. Williams then offered to submit to a polygraph examination on the same subject by the Office of the Independent Counsel. According to Ms. Williams' attorney, the Independent Counsel's polygrapher advised him at the conclusion of the test that "Ms. Williams was truthful in her assertion that she did not remove any documents from Mr. Foster's office on the night of his death." Anderson, 7/31/95 Dep. Exh. 1. 19 Mr. Nussbaum explained that, although he locked and alarmed the suite, he did not remember calling the Secret Service to report that he had done so. Thus, "you can lock the office and turn on the alarm without making that call. And if you do it without making that call, they may get, the Secret Service log may get the wrong name." Nussbaum, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 125. This explanation is unpersuasive. It fails to explain why Officer O'Neill was identified on Secret Service logs as the person who set the alarm in the Counsel's suite -- a position consistent with Officer O'Neill's testimony. 20 The report was written and submitted to the Director of the FBI on July 22, 1993. Although it is not possible from the time stamp on the document to determine whether the report was received at around 9:00 in the morning or in the evening of July 22, the text of the report makes clear that it was written prior to any FBI activity at the White House on July 22. 21 The notes were dictated in July 1993 and typed up later. Monaco, 7/6/95 Dep. pp. 26-27.

22 Ms. Gorham actually testified that, to the best of her recollection, this incident occurred the week after Mr. Foster's funeral. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 16.

23 Mr. Heymann's view finds support from independent commentators. See, e.g., Jeffrey K. Shapiro, Bernard Nussbaum's Novel View of Privilege, Washington Times, August 30, 1995, p. A15; Lester Brickman, Foster's Paper: What Executive Privilege? New York Times, August 2, 1995, p. A19.

24 It has been reported, however, that a panel of experts--including a forensics authority from Oxford University--concluded that the note was not in Mr. Foster's hand. See, e.g., Christopher Ruddy, "Experts Say Foster `Suicide' Note Forged," Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, Oct. 25, 1995. Because the White House and the Foster family's attorney did not provide the Special Committee with obtain original samples of Mr. Foster's handwriting, the Special Committee was not able to conduct an investigation into this matter.

25 After providing this testimony, Mr. Nussbaum consulted with counsel. When the deposition resumed, Mr. Nussbaum revised his testimony: "As I indicated in my testimony, look back at the record, I'm not certain I even had this discussion with Ms. Williams. I'm not positive. It's either Ms. Williams or Mr. Neuwirth I had a discussion with." Nussbaum, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 409. After the note was turned over to law enforcement authorities, Mr. Heymann referred it to the Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR) and the Criminal Division of the Justice Department with the following directive:

I would like OPR to review the assertion in the notes dealing with he FBI and to give me its recommendation as to what, if any, further inquiry is necessary and appropriate. I would like the Criminal Division to review the other assertions in the notes and to give me its recommendation as to what, if any, further inquiry is necessary and appropriate. Justice Department Document D 000057.

27 Entry and exit records for the White House and the Residence indicate that July 27 was the only day in the week following Mr. Foster's death when Mrs. Clinton, Ms. Thomases, and Mr. Hubbell were in the White House or the Residence together.

28 A later FBI analysis of the pieces of the note concluded: "The specimens were examined and one latent palm print of value was developed on one piece of paper, part of Q1." Justice Department Document FBI-00000079. The latent palm print is unidentified.

29 During debates on the bill, sponsored by Senators Hatch, Simon, and Dodd, one senator noted that polygraph tests are "not much better than a toss of the coin in many instances." (134 Cong. Rec. S1794, S1800 (March 3, 1988)). Others observed that "[l]ie detectors are inherently unreliable," (134 Cong. Rec. S1713, S1737 (March 2, 1988)) and that "polygraph tests cannot accurately distinguish truthful statement from lies." (134 Cong. Rec. S1638, S1647 (March 1, 1988)).

30 Louis I. Rovner, "The Accuracy of Physiological Detection of Deception for Subjects with Prior Knowledge," 15 Polygraph p. 1 (1986).

31 The White House identified the telephone extension which Thomases called as that of Margaret Williams and her assistant, Evelyn Lieberman. Ms. Williams, however, testified that the extension is the general number for her office, to which a number of other individuals had access. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 233. The White House later advised the Special Committee that all individuals who had access to that extension did not recall talking to Thomases on July 22, 1993. Letter from Jane Sherburne to Michael Chertoff and Richard Ben-Veniste, August 4, 1995; Letter from Jane Sherburne to Robert Giuffra, August 6, 1995; Letter from Jane Sherburne to Robert Giuffra, August 8, 1995. Both Ms. Lieberman and Ms. Williams testified that they likewise did not recall talking with Ms. Thomases. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 58. Ms. Thomases, however, testified that she recalled having conversations with Ms. Williams on July 21 and 22. Thomases, 7/17/95 Dep. p. 109.

32 At a press conference on April 22, 1994, Mrs. Clinton was asked whether Margaret Williams was among those who removed documents from Foster's office. She replied: "I don't think that she did remove any documents." White House Document Z 000107. On August 2, 1994, Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers affirmed Mrs. Clintons's statement: "I think that it is true that Maggie didn't remove any documents from Vince's office; they were removed by Bernie Nussbaum." White House Document Z 000578.

33

Similarly, when asked by the RTC-IG about this same February 2, 1994, meeting, Mr. Ickes testified: "Mr. Altman, as I recall, raised the issue of the upcoming--the possible--well, not the possible, but the fact that the statute of limitations, which I knew nothing about at the time, of the RTC in connection with an investigation that was apparently being conducted by the RTC on Madison Whitewater was about to expire." (Ickes, 7/15/94 RTC Dep. p. 7). Mr. Ickes emphasized that White House officials had no knowledge of the statute of limitations issue: "There were questions about the statute of limitations, when it expired, under what conditions it expired. I don't think anybody in the room other than Mr. Altman and Ms. Hanson had a clear picture of what the statute of limitations situation was." (Ickes, 7/15/94 RTC Dep. p. 8).

34

Mr. Kendall based this assertion on the fact that Mr. Denton testified at two trials, Ward v. Madison Guaranty, and United States v. McDougal et al., yet did not mention his April 7, 1986 telephone conversation with Mrs. Clinton. Mr. Kendall, however, offered no indication whether Mr. Denton was asked questions about his conversations with Mrs. Clinton or, for that matter, whether such conversations and Mrs. Clinton's work for Madison were within the scope of the trials. (Letter from David Kendall to Senator Alfonse D'Amato, 6/17/96 p. 2)

What is clear, however, is that Mr. Denton recalled the conversation only after being shown Mrs. Clinton's billing records refelcting the 12 minute telephone call on April 7. When he was shown this record, on June 3, 1996, he did not recall the conversation. However, after the interview, he reviewed his files and discovered the April 7 message slip from Mrs. Clinton. His memory thus refreshed, he provided additional testimony to the FDIC-IG, all under a legal obligation of truthfulness, 18 U.S.C.  1001. (Denton, FDIC-IG Report of Interview, June 11, 1996.) Mr. Denton has no reason to mislead investigators, much less to go out of his way to give inaccurate testimony.

35

On June 13, 1996, the Special Committee requested that Mrs. Clinton respond in writing, under oath, about "any knowledge she may have concerning the Rose Law Firm billing records bearing Bates Stamp numbers DKSN028928 through DKSN029043, including whether she has reviewed, handled, or discussed (other than with counsel) these records, and her knowledge relating to the disappearance or discovery of the records."

On June 17, 1996, Mrs. Clinton responded: "I do not know how the billing records (DKSN028928 through DKSN029043) came to be identified by Mrs. Huber at the White House on January 4, 1996, although I have read various media accounts." In light of the Special Committee's request for detailed and specific information relating to any knowledge she had concerning their disappearance or discovery, Mrs. Clinton's answer is incomplete. For example, she does not state whether she has any knowledge as to how the billing records were removed from the Rose Law Firm; who possessed the billing records between February 1992 and August 1995; where they were stored between February 1992 and August 1995; and, most importantly, who placed them in the Book Room of the White House in August 1995. There is no mystery as to how Ms. Huber came to identify the records on January 4, 1996. These other, more important questions, however, remain to be answered.

Mrs. Clinton's incomplete response, therefore, does not alter the Special Committee's conclusion.

36

Another suspect identified in the referral, Larry Kuca, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge of conspiracy to misapply funds.

37

The RTC's Professional Liability Section was responsible for handling civil claims relating to the legal liability of professionals, such as accountants, appraisers, and attorneys. (Lewis, 10/30/95 Dep. p. 125.)

38

Ms. Lewis testified that she did not intend to record the conversation initially. She testified that the tape recorder turned itself on, and that at some point during the conversation she noticed that it was on but chose to continue the recording. (Lewis, 10/30/95 Dep. pp. 157-158, 196-197.)

Ms. Breslaw was unaware that the conversation was being recorded. (Breslaw, 11/30/95 Hrg. p. 69.)

Ms. Lewis turned the original tape over to the Office of the Independent Counsel ("OIC") on March 31, 1994. (Lewis, 10/30/95 Dep. p. 241.) The OIC produced a copy of the tape to the Special Committee on November 20, 1995.

39

Ms. Lewis testified that because she believed "there was an effort underway to control, manipulate and even obstruct the Madison investigation," she met with Rep. Leach on February 18, 1994, and played the tape for him. (Lewis, 11/29/95 Hrg. p. 23); (Lewis, 10/30/95 Dep. p. 236.)

40

In prior testimony, Mr. Ryan has stated that he has no recollection of indicating to anyone at the RTC that he would prefer to be able to say that Whitewater did not cause losses to Madison. (Ryan, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 42.) Ms. Kulka has also testified that she never indicated to Ms. Breslaw that she would prefer to be able to say that Whitewater did not cause a loss to Madison. (Kulka, 6/23/95 Dep. p. 31.)

41

Patrick I. Noble, the former Deputy Assistant Inspector General for the RTC, testified that Mr. Adair advised him of this conversation. (Noble, 10/20/95 Dep. pp. 33-34.) Mr. Noble recalled that Mr. Adair had said that "it was not appropriate for the Inspector General's office to search those offices, and I believe he said he didn't believe there was any basis for that." (Noble, 10/20/95 Dep. p. 28.) Mr. Noble added that Mr. Adair's response was that a search would have been "[i]nappropriate in the sense [that] there was no legal basis for it." (Noble, 10/20/95 p.28).

42

On August 17 and 19, 1993, approximately two weeks before his meeting with Ms. Casey, Mr. Coleman discussed with Associate White House Counsel William Kennedy the federal investigation of Mr. Hale. (Coleman, 11/9/95 Dep. pp. 63-65; Coleman, 12/1/95 Hrg. pp. 10-16; Kennedy, 12/05/95 Hrg. pp. 11-16).

Mr. Kennedy's contemporaneous notes of the two conversations clearly indicate that Mr. Coleman mentioned President Clinton, Mr. Tucker, Madison Guaranty, Whitewater, Southloop and Castle Grande. This documentary evidence adds further credibility to Mr. Coleman's version of the September 7, 1993 meeting.

43

Q: Well, when you pulled the referral, you saw that the referral, in fact, had not been acted upon in Washington but had been returned to Little Rock for purposes of a final decision; correct?

A: No, that's not the way I look at it--my view of that at the time was that it had been acted upon in the sense that it had been reviewed and that the opinion of the Department was it was not a good referral and should not be prosecuted. But that decision had never been relayed to RTC.

Q: Didn't the memo actually indicate that although there would be no objection if the Little Rock office declined prosecution, it was to be a decision left in the hands of the Little Rock U.S. Attorney's office?

A: That's what--that was--after I pulled Keeney's memo back out that was what I saw in his memo.

Q: So you understood?

A: Would not question the decision to decline, but there was no reason for the office to be recused.

Q: So it became your decision; right?

A: Yes.(Casey, 11/01/95 Dep. p. 183).

44

(White House Document S7375-S7377).

A. David Hale--SBIC

B. Investigation: Place raided and records seized,

Loan Transactions

Governor Tucker

Heidi Fleiss Back door lender to

the politicians

Corollary:

President- Governor Tucker

David Hale

criminal allegations

not been indicted

Feds: U.S. Attorney

SBIC:

Regulations:

Seizure two weeks Ago

*Asking for Anything.

45

Mr. Kennedy claimed that Mr. Nussbaum did not instruct him to speak with Mr. Hubbell, and that he did not report back to Mr. Nussbaum his conversation with Mr. Hubbell. (Kennedy, 12/5/95 Hrg. p. 104.)

46

Mr. Blair's memory lapse, however, appeared to be selective because he did recall other portions of his alleged conversation with Mr. Heuer. (Blair, 11/20/95 Dep. 11-14.) Mr. Blair also recalled another conversation with Mr. Heuer, most likely prior to Mr. Hale's indictment, in which Mr. Heuer informed him that "Hale had supposedly been to see McDougal and tried to get McDougal to lie about various things that Hale wanted to claim was reality." (Blair, 11/20/95 Dep. p. 13) This other conversation between Mr. Blair and Mr. Heuer corresponds to a separate entry in the same page of Mr. Lindsey's notes. (Hogan & Hartson Document BL011718-011722.)

47

One margin note stated: "BC has no recollection." Willkie, Farr & Gallagher Document ST000047.

48 The notes appear as follows in the White House's typed version of Mr. Kennedy's notes: "III.

RTC referral w/r/t McDougal

Included a reference to 4 campaign checks

4/85 BC personally

Campaign Committee

3 checks written on Madison--all $3,000

4th check on McDougal personally--signed by Susan

McDougal." (White House Document S12530). Later, his notes reflect the following entry: "Charles Peacock - proceeds went from Charles

for Clinton campaign - 85

made a donation (?) $3,000 - $12,000 * Could all come from Charles Peacock

Loan - $ siphoned off from the Loan

Charles Peacock (Ken Peacock?) $1500 per election - $3,000

Primary and general." (White House Document S12534).

49 At the very beginning of Mr. Kennedy's notes appears the following entry: "HRC representation of Madison - not much activity representing people before agencies 2 RLF letters Beverly Bassett

1. Madison

2. PP of pfd stock Beverly Basset - Responded w/auth to do both

Recently appointed BB as Sec Cer

Brother early supported

Too much coziness RLF - answered questions

Did reconstruction." (White House Document S12529). Later, in his notes, there is an entry related to the Rose Law Firm's retainer: "+ RLF - Madison Guaranty - Retainer at $2,000 per month

ANN + Check drawn on WWDC - payable to HRC

Bernie + Believe that it believes prob. represents confirmed payment of $2,000 # of months for 17 months

[15 months for $2,000 per month - Retainer] Webb Hubbell." (White House Document S12533)

50 Mr. Kennedy's notes show: "Blair could have knowledge Could be source of money to allow McD to purchase stock." (White House Document S12531.) On the same page, the following entry appears: "3/4 Times

Heuer

Blair contact

Heuer

2/3, 1992

Have 1

Involved w/VF

Try to arrange sale." (White House Document S12531.)

51

Mr. Kennedy's notes read: "Not Reconstruction -

$11,000 - Clinton not released until Fall of 1992 Blair up - Chris Wade." (White House Document S12537). Although Mr. Wade assumed the McDougal's interest in Whitewater in 1985, the Clintons were not released from their obligation until the balance of the debt was paid off.

52

The following entry appears in Mr. Kennedy's notes: "Report:

Clinton had taken the deductions that WWDC had not

taken

Tax advantage of $2500

Not repay government yet promise." (White House Document S12529).

53

Mr. Kennedy's notes indicate the following discussion: "End of '86 - asked for records

- McDougals say that all of

Corp records to HRC Issue in campaign - 86 - Records to HRC RLF - Campaign Jim Lyons

Loretta Lynch

- Betsy Wright had those records - Took em home

- Betsy Wright WH retrieved - records from BW Been at WH - Sent files related to WW

Make a more complete reconstruction." (White House Document S012533-S012534.)
54 After Mr. Hale's allegations against the President was made public, the Capital Management investigation predictably attracted considerable attention. On November 4, 1993, Congressman John LaFalce, the Chairman of the House Committee on Small Business, wrote to Mr. Bowles and requested "a full written report on Capital Management Services, Inc., including its licensing, private capital, ownership, SBA leverage, and individual financings made, including profit and loss statements." (SBA Document Not numbered). In addition, Chairman LaFalce asked that the SBA provide, under section 10(e) of the Small Business Act, the staff director and counsel of the Committee on Small Business with copies of the SBA's files on Capital Management. (SBA Document Not numbered).
55 Instead of sending someone connected with the White House, the defense team discussed sending John Tisdale, Mr. Lindsey's former law partner; Skip Rutherford, a 1992 Clinton presidential official who continued to informally assist the White House regarding public relations aspects of Whitewater; a New York lawyer friend of Paul Begala; and Jack Quinn, Chief of Staff to Vice President Gore. (Rutherford, 2/29/96 Dep., pp. 5-10, 21-23; White House Document S020577.)
56 Mr. Ickes notes of the Whitewater Response Team tasking memorandum included the task of researching whether the President used pressure to aid Madison Guaranty--one of the issues involving Ms. Schaffer's actions. (Ickes, 2/22/96, Hrg. pp. 86-87.)
57 In addition to contacts with persons from Arkansas, the Schaffers attended a movie at the White House on January 28, 1994 at 8:30 p.m. Attendees included, among others, the President, the First Lady, Mr. Lindsey, and Paul Berry, a close friend and confidant of the President. Mr. Berry was also a close friend of the Schaffers and has known the Bassett family since the early 1950s. (Berry, 5/10/96, Dep. p. 59.)
58 Mr. Wade produced documents to the Special Committee, but exercised his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination when the Special Committee sent him a subpoena ad testificandum.
59 Meanwhile, Frank Burge, James Patterson, and Robert Ritter, all of whom were Presidents of Citizen's Bank of Flippin ("Citizen's Bank") at one time during the existence of the Whitewater loan, provided substantial testimony to the Special Committee on the initial Whitewater loan made by Citizen's Bank. Mr. Burge testified that the Clintons and the McDougals never notified Citizen's Bank that the $20,000 down payment on the Whitewater loan was borrowed from another bank, Union National Bank, and, thus, Citizen's Bank was not aware that the Clintons and McDougals invested no money into the original mortgage. (Burge, 5/8/96 Hrg. pp. 19-20.)

Mr. Ritter testified that he had two meetings with Mrs. Clinton between 1979 and 1982 about the Whitewater mortgage. Mr. Ritter testified that Mrs. Clinton asked several questions about the loans and interest rates and seemed quite knowledgeable about the transaction. (Ritter, 5/8/96 Hrg. pp. 34-35.)

Paul Berry and Donald Denton, Senior Vice Presidents of Union National Bank, also provided illuminating testimony to the Special Committee. Mr. Berry testified that President Clinton approached him about making the $20,000 loan for the down payment on the Whitewater property. Mr. Denton testified that either Mr. Berry, or another bank official, instructed him to make the $20,000 unsecured loan--against his better judgment. (Denton, 5/8/96 Hrg. p. 66.)

After the discovery of the Rose Law Firm billing records in the White House Residence in January 1996, the FDIC Inspector General reexamined Mr. Denton. His memory refreshed, Mr. Denton specifically recalled an April 7, 1986 telephone conversation with Mrs. Clinton relating to Castle Grande, a sham transaction. During the conversation, Mr. Denton cautioned Mrs. Clinton that the transaction may pose a problem because they could violate an Arkansas banking regulation. According to Mr. Denton, Mrs. Clinton "summarily dismissed" Mr. Denton's warning. She replied in a manner he took to mean that "he would take care of savings and loan matters, and she would take care of legal matters." (Denton, 6/11/96 FDIC-OIG Interview, p. 3.)
60 Mr. Eggleston incorrectly identified March 2, 1989, as the date on which the statute of limitations began to run for Madison-related civil claims. The RTC was appointed conservator of Madison on February 28, 1989, and actual intervention occurred on March 2, 1989. The statute of limitations began to run on "the date of the appointment of the Corporation as conservator or receiver." 12 U.S.C. 1821(d)(14)(B)(i) (1995).
61 Phone logs kept by Mr. Cutler's office indicate that Mr. Knight called Mr. Cutler on July 15, 1994 and that Mr. Cutler spoke with Mr. Knight on July 18, July 20, July 21 and July 22. (White House Documents S007922, S007923, S007924, S007928 and S007929.)
62 In addition, Ms. Sherburne first requested that White House attorneys be able to sit in on OIG depositions. Ms. Black strongly opposed this suggestion, because she wanted to keep the investigation independent, and she stated, "if we agreed to have them (the White House Counsel) sitting in on the interviews, that would be contrary to our standard method of conducting investigations." (Black, 10/12/95 Dep. 77.) Ms. Black stated that "although we conduct all investigations by the book, this one, above all other investigations, had to be conducted by the book in order to give any validity to whatever we found. (Black, 10/12/95 Dep. p. 62.)
63 The summaries were prepared when the OGC knew that the IG objected to the transfer of transcripts. (Dougherty, 11/8/95 Hrg/. p. 156.) Mr. Cottos testified that he had not been consulted about the propriety of the summaries.(Cottos, 11/8/95 Hrg. p. 29.) Not surprisingly, Ms. Kerner was aware that Mr. McHale and others in the OGC, were working on the summaries, and was actually given a copy of them. (Kerner, 11/8/95 Hrg. p. 29.) Sarah Jones, a Tres. OGC attorney who worked on the team that summarized the transcripts, reported directly to John Bowman, Jean Hanson's Assistant General Counsel for Banking and Finance. (Dougherty, 11/6/95 Dep. p. 27.) Mr. Bowman was also a fact witness in the investigation.
64 On May 20, 1996, more than six months after he testified before the Special Committee, Mr. Cutler provided the Special Committee with a letter in which he sought to recast the sworn testimony that he gave on both August 5, 1995, before the Senate Banking Committee, and on November 9, 1995, before the Special Committee.
65 Chairman D'Amato: "I suggest to you that, when you come as the White House counsel and you say that informally that we have been -- we being the White House -- White House officials have the blessing of the Office of Government Ethics as it relates to no violations of any ethical standards occurred, and thereafter every -- just about every White House official comes in and waves it, that was just not accurate.

Mr. Cutler: What I said in my testimony before you on August the 5th was that the OGE had reviewed the factual findings of the Treasury Inspector General and issued its formal opinion concurring that no violation of any ethical standard -- these are the so-called standards of ethical conduct for the executive branch -- occurred by any current Treasury or RTC official. Then I said, I have reached the same conclusions as to White House officials, and based on the facts as I reported to them to this nonpartisan Office of Government Ethics, that office has informally concurred. Now that may have been where I transgressed. (Cutler, 11/9/95 Hrg. pp. 33-34.)
66 Mr. Kendall based this assertion on the fact that Mr. Denton testified at two trials, Ward v. Madison Guaranty, and United States v. McDougal et al., yet did not mention his April 7, 1986 telephone conversation with Mrs. Clinton. Mr. Kendall, however, offered no indication whether Mr. Denton was asked questions about his conversations with Mrs. Clinton or, for that matter, whether such conversations and Mrs. Clinton's work for Madison were within the scope of the trials.

What is clear, however, is that Mr. Denton recalled the conversation only after being shown Mrs. Clinton's billing records refelcting the 12 minute telephone call on April 7. When he was shown this record, on June 3, 1996, he did not recall the conversation. However, after the interview, he reviewed his files and discovered the April 7 message slip from Mrs. Clinton. His memory thus refreshed, he provided additional testimony to the FDIC-IG, all under a legal obligation of truthfulness, 18 U.S.C.  1001. (Denton, FDIC-IG Report of Interview, June 11, 1996.) Mr. Denton has no reason to mislead investigators, much less to go out of his way to give inaccurate testimony.
67 The Rose Law Firm resisted the RTC OIG's investigation. After Rose declined a request to provide client identity information, the OIG issued a subpoena calling for the production of documents that would establish the identities of Rose's clients between 1985 and 1994. In April 1994, Rose filed suit against the RTC and the OIG, seeking to enjoin the OIG's conflicts investigation and bar enforcement of the subpoena. The suit was dismissed in August 1994. In November 1994, a federal district court ordered Rose to comply with the subpoena. See Adair v. Rose Law Firm, 867 F. Supp. 1111 (D.D.C. 1994); (RTC OIG Report p. I-1 - I-2; Black, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 119-121.)
68 Susan Thomases testified that she talked with Mr. Hubbell in 1992 about Mrs. Clinton's work for Madison, and he indicated to her that he had reviewed time records. With respect to reviewing the records herself, however, Ms. Thomases testified, "I never saw them....I never heard what happened to them." (Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg. pp. 54-55.)
69 DEK 014950 was produced to the Special Committee as DKSN028943. (Facsimile from Nicole Seligman to Robert Giuffra, June 5, 1996.)
70 This document was produced to the Special Committee as DKSN028962. (Facsimile from Nicole Seligman to Robert Giuffra, June 5, 1996.)
71 This document was produced to the Special Committee as DKSN029024. (Facsimile from Nicole Seligman to Robert Giuffra, June 5, 1996.)
72 Mr. Kendall based this assertion on the fact that Mr. Denton testified at two trials, Ward v. Madison Guaranty, and United States v. McDougal et al., yet did not mention his April 7, 1986 telephone conversation with Mrs. Clinton. Mr. Kendall, however, offered no indication whether Mr. Denton was asked questions about his conversations with Mrs. Clinton or, for that matter, whether such conversations and Mrs. Clinton's work for Madison were within the scope of the trials.

What is clear, however, is that Mr. Denton recalled the conversation only after being shown Mrs. Clinton's billing records refelcting the 12 minute telephone call on April 7. When he was shown this record, on June 3, 1996, he did not recall the conversation. However, after the interview, he reviewed his files and discovered the April 7 message slip from Mrs. Clinton. His memory thus refreshed, he provided additional testimony to the FDIC-IG, all under a legal obligation of truthfulness, 18 U.S.C.  1001. (Denton, FDIC-IG Report of Interview, June 11, 1996.) Mr. Denton has no reason to mislead investigators, much less to go out of his way to give inaccurate testimony.

1. Letter from Independent Counsel Robert Fiske to the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee, July 15, 1994, quoted in the Report of the Senate Banking Committee, Inquiry into the U.S. Park Police Investigation of the Death of White House Deputy Counsel Vincent W. Foster, Jr., January 3, 1995 [hereinafter "Foster Report"], p. 2.
2. Foster Report, January 3, 1995, p.51 (Additional Views of Senators D'Amato, Faircloth, Bond, Hatch, Shelby, Mack, Domenici) (quoting Hume, Trans. pp. 48-49).
3. S. Res. 120 1(b)(2), p. 4.
4. See Watkins v. United States, 354 U.S. 178, 194-95 (1957); McGrain v. Daugherty, 272 U.S. 135 (1927).
5. Treasury Document 2987 (1994 Production).
6. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 50.
7. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000518.
8. Treasury Document 2987 (1994 Production).
9. Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 71.
10. Foster Report, p. 4.
11. Vinson & Elkins Document RS237A
12. Clark 1/18/96 Hrg. p.163.
13. Hubbell, 2/7/96 Hrg. p.101
14. Model Rules of Professional Conduct Rule 3.4(a); 18 U.S.C. 1510.
15. The Hotline, Whitewater: CBS Looks at Hillary and Her Shredder, June 7, 1996.
16. Hubbell, 2/7/96 Hrg. p.169.
17. Clark, 1/18/96 Hrg. pp.162-164
18. Black, 2/6/96 Hrg. p.89.
19. Hubbell, 2/7/96 pp.20, 50-51
20. Clark, 1/18/96 Hrg. p.90
21. Clark, 1/18/96 Hrg. p.90.
22. Huber, 1/18/95 Hrg. p.5.
23. Huber 1/18/96 Hrg. p.9
24. Hubbell, 2/7/96 Hrg. p.56
25. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 157-159.
26. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 157-159.
27. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 157-159.
28. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 160-161.
29. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 164.
30. Madison Guaranty S&L and the White Water Development Corporation: Washington, DC, Phase, Report of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on the Communications between Officials of the White House and the U.S. Department of the Treasury or the Resolution Trust Corporation, S. Rep. 103-433, Jan. 3, 1995, p. 3 & n. 7.
31. Report of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, on the Communications between Officials of the White House and the U.S. Department of the Treasury or the Resolution Trust Corporation, January 3, 1995, [hereinafter Treasury Contacts Report], p. 3.
32. Treasury Contacts Report, p. 3 & n. 7.
33. IX Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, White House Production, pp. 1447-1449.
34. IX Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, White House Production, pp. 1450-1455.
35. Foren, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 20.
36. Foren, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 23.
37. Bowles, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 24.
38. Bowles, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 24.
39. Shepperson, 11/28/95 Hrg. pp. 23-24.
40. White House Document S12334.
41. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 79.
42. Seidman, II Foster Hearings, p. 1794.
43. White House Document S9210.
44. Redden, 5/30/96 Dep. p. 237.
45. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000518.
46. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000516.
47. Paul Bedard, GOP Says Thomason May Have Broken Law, Washington Times, July 9, 1993, p. A1, produced to the Special Committee as White House Document F 000274.
48. Id.
49. Report of the Independent Counsel In Re Vincent W. Foster Jr., June 30, 1994 [hereinafter "Fiske Report"], p. 12, reprinted in I Hearings before the Committee Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on the Death of Vincent W. Foster, Jr. [hereinafter "Foster Hearings"], p. 187.
50. House document CGE12287.
51. House document CGE12287.
52. Justice Department Document 6675
53. Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. pp.24-25, 121; Rolla, 6/20/95 pp.54-55; Hines, 7/20/95 Hrg. p.25; Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. pp.73-74; Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. pp.29-30; Gearan, 7/6/95 Dep. p.48; Hubbel, 7/13/95 Dep.pp.49-51.
54. Hines, 7/20/95 Hrg. p.25.
55. Pond, 6/26/95 Dep. p.81.
56. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 49.
57. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 75-76.
58. Flynn, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 48.
59. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 164.
60. White House Document Z 001214.
61. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 165.
62. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24; 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 42.
63. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 52.
64. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. pp. 96-97.
65. euwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 71.
66. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 62.
67. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 233.
68. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 167-68.
69. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg pp. 167-168.
70. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 20.
71. White House Document Z 000354.
72. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 1.
73. White House Documents Z1109, Z1123, Z1110-1117; Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 69-70.
74. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 19.
75. White House Document Z 001213.
76. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp 113-114.
77. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 1.
78. Memorandum from Michael E. Shaheen Jr to David Margolis, July 24, 1995, pp. 2-3.
79. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
80. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
81. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
82. White house Document Z 000655.
83. Bell Atlantic Document (unnumbered).
84. Bell Atlantic Document (unnumbered).
85. Bell Atlantic Document (unnumbered).
86. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
87. White House Document Z 000647.
88. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 142.
89. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 112; 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 75.
90. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document ST 000001-000006
91. Bell Atlantic Document (unnumbered).
92. White House Document Z 001243.
93. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 25; Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 122-123; Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 16-18.
94. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 14-15.
95. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 13-14.
96. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document ST000001.
97. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document ST 000002.
98. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 142.
99. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24; 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 42.
100. Department of Justice Document GRO466.
101. White House Document S020921; Department of Treasury Document, 12/07/95 (not numbered).
102. White House Document S020921; Department of Treasury Document, 12/07/95 (not numbered).
103. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 28-30.
104. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 30.
105. Hubbell 6/4/96 Dep. p. 22.
106. Hubbell, 6/4/96 Dep. pp. 32-33.
107. See, e.g., Frank J. Murray, White House Plays Down Suicide Probe, Wash. Times, July 23, 1993, p. A7; Ann Devroy, Clinton Finds No Explanation to Aide's Death; Probes Continuing on Apparent Suicide, Wash. Post, July 23, 1993, p. A4; Thomas L. Friedman, White House Aide Leaves No Clue About Suicide, N.Y. Times, July 22, 1993, p. A1; Ruth Marcus, Ann Devroy, Clintons Mystified by Aide's Death; Staff Shaken by Apparent Suicide, Wash. Post, July 22, 1993.
108. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 22.
109. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24; 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 42; Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 178-179; Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 32.
110. Justice Department Document F000166; Justice Department Document FBI-129.
111. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. pp. 39-41; Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 132.
112. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 112; 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 75.
113. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 220-221.
114. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 139-140.
115. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 27; Sloan, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 67.
116. Hubbell, 2/7/96 Hrg. p. 20.
117. Thomas L. Friedman, "White House Asked Aid of F.B.I. in Dismissals," New York Times, May 25, 1993, at A18.
118. Paul Bedard, GOP Says Thomason May Have Broken Law, Washington Times, July 9, 1993, p. A1, produced to the Special Committee as White House Document F 000274.
119. Paul Bedard, GOP Says Thomason May Have Broken Law, Washington Times, July 9, 1993, p. A1, produced to the Special Committee as White House Document F 000274.
120. Id.
121. Id.
122. Id.
123. Report of the Independent Counsel In Re Vincent W. Foster Jr., June 30, 1994 [hereinafter "Fiske Report"], p. 12, reprinted in I Hearings before the Committee Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on the Death of Vincent W. Foster, Jr. [hereinafter "Foster Hearings"], p. 187.
124. Fiske Report, at pp 10-14, reprinted in Foster Hearings, p. 186-189.
125. Fiske Report, p. 10, reprinted in Foster Hearings, p. 186.
126. Department of Justice Document OIC000417-418.
127. Department of Justice Document OIC000418.
128. Department of Justice Document OIC000418.
129. James Stewart, Blood Sport (1996), p. 285.
130. Id.
131. Id.
132. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg. p. 14.
133. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 17.
134. Department of Justice Document OIC000418.
135. Thomases, 5/16/96 Hrg. p. 15.
136. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 254.
137. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
138. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
139. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
140. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
141. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
142. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
143. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
144. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
145. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
146. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
147. June 20, 1995 privilege log from Williams & Connolly.
148. White House Documents Z000004, Z001109.
149. White House Document Z000004.
150. White House Document Z000004.
151. White House Document Z000005.
152. White House Document Z001109.
153. White House Document Z001109.
154. White House Document Z001109.
155. White House Document Z001109.
156. White House Document Z001109.
157. Teresa Tritch, The Clintons May Owe Tax of $82,989 on Whitewater, Money, Oct. 1995, p. 22.
158. Susan Schmidt, "Hearing Puts Focus on Rose Law Practice; Conflict of Interest Cases Cited By GOP," Washington Post, August 11, 1995, at A1.
159. Hubbell, 2/7/96 Hrg. p. 46.
160. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document ST32.
161. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document ST32.
162. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg. p. 53.
163. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg. p. 53.
164. Lynch, 5/14/96 Dep. p. 104.
165. Lyons Document JML140.
166. Lyons Document JML140
167. FD-302 Interview with Lyons, 7/5/94, I Foster Hearings, p. 176.
168. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000481.
169. Hearings before the Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation and Related Matters, administered by the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, U.S. Senate, on the Inquiry into whether Improper Conduct Occurred Regarding the Way in which White House Officials Handled Documents in the Office of White House Deputy Counsel Vincent W. Foster, Jr., 104th Cong., 1st Sess., July 18, 1995 - August 10, 1995 [hereinafter "S. Hrg."], 8/8/95 p. 28; Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000482.
170. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 25.
171. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 62.
172. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 67.
173. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 67.
174. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 69.
175. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 70.
176. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 72.
177. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 79.
178. Redden, 5/30/96 Dep. p. 237.
179. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000518.
180. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000514.
181. Jeff Gerth and Stephen Engleberg, "Documents Show Clintons Enjoyed Far Vaster Protection from Whitewater Losses," New York Times, July 15 1995, at A18.
182. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000515.
183. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000515.
184. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000518.
185. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000519.
186. Letter from Yoly Redden to Vince Foster, April 12, 1993. James Blair Document 0000185.
187. James Blair Document 0000185.
188. Redden, 5/30/96 dep., p. 228.
189. Redden, 5/30/96 Dep. pp. 230-231.
190. Jeff Gerth and Stephen Engleberg, "Documents Show Clintons Enjoyed Far Vaster Protection from Whitewater Losses," New York Times, July 15, 1995, at A18.
191. Redden, 5/30/96 Dep. p. 234.
192. Redden, 5/30/96 Dep. p, 234.
193. White House Document S9210.
194. II Foster Hearings, p. 1794.
195. White House Documents F3158-F3261.
196. Williams & Connolly Documents DSKN000178 - DSKN000179
197. Redden, 5/30/96 Dep. p. 239.
198. Redden, 5/30/96 Dep. pp. 241-242.
199. Williams & Connolly Documents DSKN000180, DSKN000181.
200. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 38.
201. Dan Dorfin, "Short Seller Boosted First Lady's Portfolio," USA Today, June 18, 1993, at 4B.
202. Id.
203. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000081.
204. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000077.
205. Fred R. Bleakley, "Investment Fund for Hillary Clinton Sold Short Several Health Care Stocks," Wall Street Journal, May 13, 1993, at A12.
206. Id.
207. William Safire, First Lady or Top Government Official?, Houston Chronicle, Aug. 17, 1993, p. 12.
208. 1 Op. O.L.C. 20, 2/24/76, Harmon, at 22-23.
209. 997 F.2d 898 (D.C. Cir. 1993).
210. Federal Advisory Committee Act. Pub. L. No. 92-463, 86 Stat. 770 (1972) (codified at 5 U.S.C. App. (1988)).
211. Association of American Physicians & Surgs., Inc. v. Clinton, 997 F.2d 898, 911, n.10 (D.C. Cir. 1993).
212. See "Who is Vincent Foster?" Wall Street Journal, June 17, 1993, at A10, reprinted in I Foster Hearings, pp. 354-355.
213. FD-302 Interview with Jim Lyons, 5/12/94, I Foster Hearings, p. 172.
214. See "Vince Foster's Victory," Wall Street Journal, June 24, 1993, at A12, reprinted I Foster Hearings, pp. 356-357.
215. FD-302 Interview with Jim Lyons, 5/12/94, I Foster Hearings, p. 172.
216. I Foster Hearings, p. 353.
217. White House Document Z001217.
218. White House Document Z001217.
219. Park Police Document 52.
220. I Foster Hearings, p. 173.
221. I Foster Hearings, p. 174.
222. S. Hrg. 8/1/95 p. 123.
223. Gray, 10/20/95 Dep., p. 8.
224. Gray, 10/20/95 Dep., p. 10.
225. 53 Stat. 561 (1939)
226. Jeremy Rabkin, "At the President's Side: The Role of the White House Counsel in Constitutional Policy," Law and Contemporary Problems, Volume 56, Autumn 1993, at 65.
227. Id. at 66, quoting Clark Clifford & Richard Holbrooke, Counsel to the President, A Memoir, p. 54 (1991).
228. Id. at 64.
229. Id. at 66 n.14, quoting Clark Clifford & Richard Holbrooke, Counsel to the President, A Memoir, p. 75 (1991).
230. Id. at 67, quoting Clark Clifford & Richard Holbrooke, Counsel to the President, A Memoir, p. 12 (1991).
231. Samuel Kernell, The Creed and Reality of Modern White House Management, in Chief of Staff: Twenty-five Years of Managing the Presidency, pp. 193-222 (Kernell & Popkin eds., 1986).
232. Lloyd Cutler, "The Role of the Counsel to the President of the United States," Record of the Bar Association of New York, November, 1980, at 470, 472.
233. Id. at 470.
234. Id.
235. Philip Combs, "The Distant Drum of C. Boyden Gray," Washington Post, March 31, 1989, at D1.
236. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 102.
237. David Margolick, "An All-Star New York Lawyer Disputes the Idea that He's Become a White House Bumbler," New York Times, June 11, 1993, at A26.
238. Id.
239. "Text of Resignation and Clinton Reply," New York Times, March 6, 1994, at A23.
240. Bernard Nussbaum, "Nussbaum Defends Conduct as Counsel," New Jersey Law Journal, December 5, 1994, at 23.
241. Id.
242. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 17.
243. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 18.
244. White House Document Z 001109.
245. Letter from Jane Sherburne, Special Counsel to the President, to Robert Giuffra, Chief Counsel, Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation and Related Matters, August 6, 1995, p. 2.
246. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 59.
247. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 59.
248. Letter from Jane Sherburne, Special Counsel to the President, to Robert Giuffra, Chief Counsel, Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation and Related Matters, August 6, 1995, p. 2.
249. White House Document Z 001123.
250. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 60.
251. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 72.
252. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 65.
253. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 62.
254. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 60.
255. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 71.
256. Gorham 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 70.
257. White House Documents Z 001110 - Z 001117.
258. White House Document Z 001115.
259. Letter from Jane Sherburne, Special Counsel to the President, to Robert Giuffra, Chief Counsel, Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation and Related Matters, September 1, 1995.
260. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 18, 67.
261. 8/1/95 Hrg., p. 168.
262. Salter, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 113.
263. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 23.
264. Swidler & Berlin Document (unnumbered).
265. White House Documents Z 000364 - Z 000379.
266. White House Documents Z 000340 - Z 000355.
267. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 92.
268. Swidler & Berlin Document (unnumbered); White House Document Z000350.
269. Swidler & Berlin Document (unnumbered).
270. White House Documents Z000350-Z000351.
271. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 168.
272. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 23.
273. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 10.
274. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 26.
275. Report of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, on the Communications between Officials of the White House and the U.S. Department of the Treasury or the Resolution Trust Corporation, January 3, 1995, [hereinafter Treasury Contacts Report], p. 3.
276. Treasury Contacts Report, p. 3 & n. 7.
277. IX Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, White House Production, pp. 1447-1449.
278. IX Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, White House Production, pp. 1450-1455.
279. Treasury Contacts Report, p. 4.
280. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 166.
281. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 166.
282. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 166.
283. II Foster Hearings, p. 1794.
284. II Foster Hearings, p. 1794.
285. Foren, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 20.
286. Foren, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 23.
287. Bowles, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 24.
288. Bowles, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 24.
289. Shepperson, 11/28/95 Hrg. pp. 23-24.
290. White House Document S12334.
291. Markland, 8/195/ Hrg. pp. 168-169.
292. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 30.
293. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 31.
294. II Foster Hearings p. 1794.
295. Foster Report p. 10.
296. Foster Report p. 10.
297. Foster Report p. 10.
298. Foster Report p. 10.
299. Foster Report p. 11.
300. Foster Report p. 11.
301. Foster Report p. 11.
302. Foster Report p. 11.
303. Foster Report p. 11.
304. Foster Report pp. 11-12.
305. Foster Report p. 12.
306. Foster Report p. 12.
307. Foster Report p. 13.
308. Foster Report p. 15.
309. Braun, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 16.
310. Foster Report, p. 35. Rolla, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 43; Rolla, 6/20/95 Dep. pp. 19-20, 23, 25; Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. pp. 18-20.
311. Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. p. 17.
312. Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. p. 18.
313. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. pp. 71-72; Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 30-32.
314. Braun, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 35.
315. Foster Report p. 15.
316. Foster Report p. 15.
317. Foster Report p. 16.
318. Foster Report p. 18.
319. Foster Report p. 18.
320. Foster Report pp. 18-19.
321. Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. p. 22.
322. Foster Report p. 19; Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. pp. 25-26; Rolla, 6/20/95 Dep. pp. 31-32.
323. Foster Report p. 19.
324. Kennedy, 7/11/95 Dep. p. 35.
325. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 pp. 13-14; S. Hrg., 7/25/95 pp. 59-60.
326. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 p. 14.
327. Hubbell, 7/18/95 Hrg. pp. 133-34; S. Hrg., 7/20/95 pp. 16-17.
328. S. Hrg., 7/20/94 p. 17.
329. Foster Report p. 21, n. 72, quoting Hines Deposition.
330. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 p. 18.
331. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 p. 51.
332. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 pp. 38, 49.
333. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. pp. 75-76; Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 33; Braun, 6/19/95 p. 18.
334. Braun, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 18.
335. Braun, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 18.
336. Rolla, 7/20/95 Hrg. pp. 35-36.
337. Department of Interior Document 111.
338. Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. p. 42.
339. Rolla, 7/20/95 Hrg. pp. 35-36.
340. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 p. 20; Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. pp. 24-25, 121; Rolla, 6/20/95 Dep. pp. 54-55.
341. Rolla, 7/20/95 Hrg. pp. 31-32.
342. S. Hrg., 7/25/95 p. 63; Watkins, 7/14/95 Dep. p. 41-42.
343. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 24; Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 23.
344. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 Hrg. pp. 24-25; Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 23-24.
345. Hines, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 25; Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 28-29, 35.
346. Hines, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 39.
347. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. pp. 73-74; Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 41-42; White House Document Z000139.
348. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. pp. 73-74; Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 67.
349. White House Document Z000139.
350. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. pp. 44-46; Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 40.
351. Hubbell, 7/13/95 Dep. pp. 49-51.
352. Transcript of White House Press Briefing with Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers, U.S. Newswire, August 2, 1993.
353. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 25.
354. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 29.
355. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 30.
356. Gearan, 7/6/95 Dep. p. 48.
357. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 44.
358. Caputo, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 20.
359. Caputo, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 20.
360. Caputo, 7/10/95 Dep. pp. 23-24.
361. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. pp. 58-59.
362. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 23-24; Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 290-291.
363. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 25; Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 291.
364. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
365. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
366. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg., p. 116.
367. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
368. Burton, 12/13/95 Hrg., p. 42.
369. Mathews, 12/13/95 Hrg. pp. 61-62.
370. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
371. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
372. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
373. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep., p. 11.
374. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 12.
375. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 27.
376. White House Document S020913.
377. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 37.
378. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 39.
379. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 49; 2/14/96 Hrg. p. 59.
380. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 50.
381. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 51.
382. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 54.
383. Dickey, 2/12/95 Dep., p. 56.
384. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 67.
385. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 60.
386. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep., p. 61.
387. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 60.
388. Dickey, 2/14/96 Hrg. p. 60.
389. Letter from Jane Sherburne to Robert Giuffra, September 30, 1995.
390. Dickey, 2/12/96 Dep. p. 65.
391. Letter from Jane Sherburne to Robert Giuffra, October 13, 1995.
392. Letter from Jane Sherburne to Robert Giuffra, October 13, 1995.
393. Letter from Viet Dinh to Sally Smith, November 21, 1995 (confirming conversation).
394. Letter from Viet Dinh to Sally Smith, November 22, 1995 (confirming conversation).
395. Letter from Jane Sherburne to Viet Dinh, February 27, 1996.
396. Dickey, 2/14/96 Hrg. pp. 59-60.
397. Dickey, 2/14/96 Hrg. p. 61.
398. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 50.
399. Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 56.
400. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 50; White House Document Z0000140.
401. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 51; Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 103-104.
402. S. Hrg. 8/9/95 p. 238; Nussbaum 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 50-52.
403. S. Hrg. 7/25/95 p. 56.
404. O'Neill, 6/23/95 Dep. pp. 115-120.
405. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 12.
406. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 57.
407. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 58.
408. Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 52-55, 77.
409. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 59; O'Neill, 6/23/95 Dep. pp. 120-122.
410. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 54.
411. White House Document Z000651; S. Hrg., 7/25/95 p. 60.
412. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 196-198.
413. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 199.
414. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 199.
415. Treasury Department Document 6495.
416. Nussbaum, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 29.
417. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 11; Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 30.
418. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 11.
419. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 11.
420. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 26.
421. Lieberman, 7/6/95 Dep. p. 38.
422. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 26.
423. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 154.
424. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 194.
425. S. Hrg., 7/25/95 pp. 194, 204.
426. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 205.
427. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 194.
428. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 194.
429. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 208; Thomasson, 7/11/95 Dep. pp. 46-48.
430. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 210.
431. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 195; Thomasson, 7/11/95 Dep. pp. 46-48.
432. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 195.
433. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. pp. 11-12.
434. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 12.
435. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 35.
436. Nussbaum, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 40; S. Hrg. 8/10/95 pp. 125.
437. Williams 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 278; Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 32.
438. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 279.
439. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 279; Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 32.
440. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 7; O'Neill, 6/23/95 Dep. p. 45.
441. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 11; White House Document Z0000598.
442. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 11.
443. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 11.
444. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 12.
445. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 12-13.
446. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 16.
447. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 17; O'Neill, 6/23/95 Dep. p. 61.
448. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 17.
449. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 17-18.
450. O'Neill, 7/26/94 Hrg. pp. 18-19.
451. S. Hrg. 7/26/95 p. 22.
452. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 23.
453. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 22.
454. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 112.
455. S. Hrg. 7/26/95 p. 95.
456. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 22; O'Neill, 6/23/95 Dep. pp. 48, 54-55, 38-39, 81-83, 86-87.
457. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 23.
458. White House Document Z0000598.
459. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 56.
460. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 57-58.
461. Bell Atlantic Document (unnumbered).
462. Thomases, 7/17/95 Dep. p. 60.
463. Hubbell, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 72.
464. Hubbell, 7/13/95 1995 Dep. 73.
465. Hubbell, 7/13/95 1995 Dep. p. 87.
466. Hubbell, 7/13/95 1995 Dep. pp. 74-75.
467. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 78.
468. White House Document Z000450.
469. Pond, 6/26/95 Dep. pp. 74, 77.
470. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. pp.25-26.
471. Pond, 6/26/95 Dep. pp. 81.
472. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 47.
473. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 49.
474. Pond, 6/26/95 Dep. p. 84.
475. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 65.
476. Tripp, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 67.
477. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 72. Burton testified that "there weren't three days when I lived in Washington that I didn't make the 8:00 senior staff meeting." Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 79.
478. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 72, McLarty, 7/6/95 Dep. pp. 37-38.
479. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 40-41; McLarty, 7/6/95 Dep. p. 38, Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 72.
480. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 41.
481. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 72.
482. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 70.
483. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 69-70; Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 58; Sloan, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 90-91.
484. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 69-70.
485. Tripp 7/11/95 Dep. p. 87.
486. Tripp 7/11/95 Dep. p. 87.
487. Tripp 7/11/95 Dep. pp. 88-89.
488. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 25.
489. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 41-42.
490. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 39.
491. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 43.
492. Treasury Document 6233.
493. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 76.
494. Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. pp. 50, 51.
495. Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 50-51.
496. Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 50; Langston, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 24.
497. Langston, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 35.
498. Langston, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 33.
499. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 43.
500. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 43.
501. Langston, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 43.
502. Langston, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 42, 44.
503. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 46.
504. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 47.
505. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 47.
506. Flynn, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 47.
507. Flynn, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 48.
508. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 49; Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 97.
509. Hubbell, 7/18/95 Hrg. p. 142.
510. Hubbell, 7/18/95 Hrg. p. 142.
511. Hubbell, 7/18/95 Hrg. p. 142.
512. Hubbell, 7/18/95 Hrg. p. 143.
513. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 85.
514. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 87.
515. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 94.
516. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 22.
517. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 23-24.
518. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24.
519. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24; 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 42.
520. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 24-25.
521. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 26.
522. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 26.
523. Hume, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 68.
524. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 21.
525. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 17.
526. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 41.
527. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 178-179.
528. Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 34; Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 27-30;
529. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 179.
530. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 94; Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 35 ("I think as I have just described, the agreement was that David and I would look at each file and determine relevance or -- or determine relevance first of all.")
531. Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. pp. 35-36; Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 94.
532. Justice Document FBI-129.
533. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 179.
534. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 95.
535. Justice Department Document F 000149.
536. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. pp. 39-40.
537. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 41.
538. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 21.
539. S. Hrg. 8/3/95 p. 118:
Mr. Neuwirth: "It was left without resolution with the understanding that there would be further discussion about it."
Mr. Ben-Veniste: "Mr. Sloan?"
Mr. Sloan: "I don't recall a clear resolution on the 21st, Mr. Ben-Veniste."
540. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 181.
541. Heymann, 9/2/95 Hrg. pp. 44-45.
542. Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 34.
543. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 72-73.
544. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 75-76.
545. White House Document Z 001214.
546. White House Document Z 001213.
547. White House Document Z 001213.
548. White House Document Z 001214.
549. Park Police Document No. 30.
550. Park Police Document 31.
551. Park Police Document 32.
552. Park Police Document 32.
553. Park Police Document 32.
554. Park Police Document 33.
555. Park Police Document 33.
556. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 164.
557. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 164-165.
558. 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 165-166.
559. 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 165-166.
560. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 165.
561. Bell Atlantic Document (not numbered).
562. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
563. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 63.
564. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
565. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 9.
566. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 10.
567. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
568. White House Document Z 000647.
569. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 64; Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 139.
570. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 112; 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 75.
571. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 112; 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 75.
572. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 88.
573. Williams, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 21.
574. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. pp.12-13.
575. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 64.
576. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 64.
577. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 64.
578. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 68.
579. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 68.
580. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 51.
581. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 57.
582. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 52.
583. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 139.
584. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 142.
585. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 58.; Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 144.
586. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 144-145.
587. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 142.
588. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 17.
589. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 60.
590. Quinn, 7/14/95 Dep., p. 7; Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep., p. 177.
591. Willkie, Farr & Gallagher Document ST000001-ST000006.
592. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 102.
593. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 95.
594. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 52.
595. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 99.
596. Williams, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 25.
597. Treasury Document (unnumbered).
598. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. pp. 96-97.
599. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg., p. 97.
600. 8/10/95 Hrg., pp. 182-183.
601. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 97; Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 183.
602. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 183.
603. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 184.
604. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 46.
605. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 46.
606. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. pp. 46-47.
607. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 47.
608. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 48.
609. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 48.
610. Justice Department Document F000166.
611. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 174.
612. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 188.
613. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 183-184.
614. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 183-184.
615. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 62.
616. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 62.
617. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 185.
618. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 185.
619. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 186.
620. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 186.
621. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 186.
622. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 186, p. 188.
623. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 189.
624. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. 175.
625. Justice Department Document F 000149.
626. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 176-177.
627. Nussbaum 7/12/95 Dep. p. 176.
628. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 175.
629. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 177.
630. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 180.
631. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 180.
632. Quinn, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 45.
633. Park Police Document 36.
634. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 189.
635. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 172.
636. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 189.
637. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 185.
638. Park Police Document 36; White House Document Z 000354.
639. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 102.
640. Park Police Document 36.
641. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 167.
642. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 102; Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg., pp. 194-195.
643. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg pp. 167-168; Park Police Document 37.
644. Swidler & Berlin Document (not numbered).
645. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg pp. 167-168.
646. Park Police Document 37.
647. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 103.
648. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 190.
649. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 191.
650. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 219.
651. Salter, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 105.
652. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 105.
653. Park Police Document 37.
654. Park Police Document 37.
655. Park Police Document 37.
656. Salter, 7/27/95 Hrg. pp. 106-107.
657. Justice Department Document F 000150.
658. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 191-192
659. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 191-192
660. Sloan, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 66.
661. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 195.
662. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 109.
663. Salter, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 110.
664. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 106.
665. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 106.
666. Justice Department Document F 000150.
667. The notes state: "M= what @ computer? Please review". Swidler & Berlin Doc (not numbered).
668. White House Document Z 000353.
669. Salter, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 107.
670. White House Document Z000353.
671. White House Document Z 001209.
672. Tripp, 8/1/95 Hrg p. 35.
673. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 35-36.
674. White House Documents Z 001210-Z001211.
675. White House Document Z 001213.
676. White House Document Z 001214.
677. Adams, 7/17/95 Hrg. p. 107.
678. Adams, 7/17/95 Hrg. p. 107.
679. Salter, 7/17/95 Hrg. p. 108.
680. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 1.
681. Swidler & Berlin Document (unnumbered)
682. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 1.
683. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 2.
684. Memorandum from Michael E. Shaheen Jr to David Margolis, July 24, 1995, p. 1.
685. Memorandum from Michael E. Shaheen Jr to David Margolis, July 24, 1995, pp. 2-3.
686. Nussbaum, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 59.
687. Nussbaum, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 59.
688. Salter, 7/27/95 Hrg. pp 108-109.
689. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 107.
690. Condon, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 56.
691. Flynn, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 89.
692. Hume, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 218.
693. Markland, 6/30/95 Dep. p. 213.
694. Spafford, 7/11/95 Dep. p. 70.
695. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. p. 213; 8/1/Hrg. p. 172.
696. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg p. 172.
697. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 192-193.
698. Nussbaum, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 62.
699. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 109; Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 187; Sloan, 7/7/95 Dep., p. 187. Sloan did testify that he had the impression on July 22 that the briefcase was empty, but he could not recall how he got that impression. Sloan, 7/7/95, Dep. p. 188.
700. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 184.
701. Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 83.
702. Markland Dep. p. 218.
703. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. pp. 251-252.
704. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 19.
705. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 20.
706. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 18.
707. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 22.
708. Sloan, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 67.
709. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 230-231.
710. Salter, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 112.
711. Markland, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 170.
712. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 170.
713. 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 113.
714. White House Document Z 000107.
715. White House Document Z 000578
716. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 20.
717. White House Document Z 000354.
718. Sloan, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 85.
719. White House Document Z 000851.
720. White House Document Z 000953.
721. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 165.
722. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 25.
723. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 237-238.
724. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 240.
725. Williams, Dep. p. 119.
726. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 170-171.
727. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 119.
728. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 122-123.
729. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 16-17.
730. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 16-17.
731. Gorham, 8/1/96 Hrg. p. 18.
732. Gorham, 8/1/96 Hrg. p. 18.
733. Gorham, 8/1/96 Hrg. p. 18.
734. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Hrg. pp. 258-259.
735. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 176-177.
736. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 20.
737. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 20.
738. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 20.
739. Tripp, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 21.
740. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 167.
741. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 179-180.
742. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 180.
743. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 181.
744. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 181.
745. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 182.
746. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 183-184.
747. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 184.
748. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 184.
749. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 180.
750. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 221.
751. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 221.
752. Nussbaum, 9/16/95 Dep. p. 238.
753. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 239.
754. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 239.
755. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 33
756. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 132.
757. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 8.
758. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 11.
759. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 12.
760. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 12.
761. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 12.
762. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 13.
763. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 5.
764. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 14-15.
765. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 15.
766. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 16.
767. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 17.
768. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 17.
769. Huber, 6/29/95 Dep., p. 36.
770. White House Document S 020915.
771. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 85-86.
772. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 85-86.
773. Justice Department Document F 000166.
774. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 170.
775. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 170.
776. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 212.
777. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 154-155.
778. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 233.
779. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 233.
780. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 232.
781. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 51.
782. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 230.
783. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. pp. 49-50.
784. Justice Department Document F 000163.
785. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p.50.
786. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 50.
787. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 50.
788. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 127.
789. Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 121-122.
790. Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 121-122.
791. Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 121-122.
792. Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 124.
793. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 278-279.
794. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 278-279.
795. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 278-279.
796. Park Police Document 43.
797. Park Police Document 68.
798. The FBI conducted a comparison of the handwriting on the note and that of Vince Foster in various personal documents, and concluded that Foster wrote the note. I Foster Hearings, p. 257-258.
799. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 282-283.
800. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 8.
801. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 9.
802. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 27.
803. Tripp, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 29.
804. Tripp, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 29.
805. Tripp, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 29.
806. Nussbaum, 8/10./95 Hrg. p. 19.
807. Sloan, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 97.
808. White House Document Z 001206, Z 001208.
809. White House Document Z 001213.
810. White House Document Z 001214.
811. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 31.
812. Nussbaum, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 12.
813. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 18.
814. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 302.
815. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 303.
816. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. pp. 49-49.
817. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 303.
818. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 51.
819. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 303-305.
820. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 303-305.
821. Gergen, 7/12/95 Hrg. pp. 116-117.
822. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 137.
823. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 298-299.
824. S. Hrg. 8/7/95, p. 122.
825. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 122-123.
826. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 23.
827. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 299.
828. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 287-288.
829. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 13.
830. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 13.
831. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 288.
832. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 174.
833. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 174.
834. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 19.
835. FBI Documents FBI-00000018 - FBI 00000044.
836. Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 102-103.
837. Justice Department Document FBI-00000018 - FBI-00000020.
838. Justice Department Documents A139-A141.
839. White House Document S 020562.
840. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 20.
841. White House Document Z 001148.
842. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 19.
843. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 13-14.
844. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 21.
845. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 139-140.
846. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 139-140.
847. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p 307.
848. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 306..
849. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep., p. 21.
850. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 150.
851. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 150-151, 170.
852. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 18-19.
853. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 23.
854. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 23.
855. Nussbaum, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 407-408.
856. White House Document S 020562.
857. Letter from Jane Sherburne to Robert Giuffra, February 12, 1996.
858. White House Documents S020921, S020927.
859. Williams, 12/11/95 Hrg., p. 8.
860. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 145.
861. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 147.
862. Barnett, 12/11/95 Hrg., p. 1.
863. Barnett, 12/11/95 Hrg., p. 12.
864. White House Document S012482
865. White House Document S020921.
866. Barnett, 12/11/95 Hrg., p. 17.
867. Barnett, 12/11/95 Hrg., p. 15.
868. Barnett, 12/11/Hrg., p. 19.
869. Barnett, 12/11/95 Hrg., p. 20.
870. White House Documents S020921, S020927, S020935.
871. barnett, 12/11/95 Hrg., pp. 12-23.
872. White House Document S020921.
873. Ingram, 12/11/95 Hrg., p. 28.
874. Willkie, Farr & Gallagher document ST125.
875. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg., p. 25.
876. Treasury Document (unnumbered).
877. White House document S020921.
878. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document No. ST120.
879. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg., p. 27.
880. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document No. ST126.
881. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document ST 123.
882. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document No. ST131.
883. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg., p. 31, 34.
884. Solis, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 28.
885. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg., p. 41.
886. 12/07/95 Treasury fax; S020921.
887. Willkie, Farr & Gallagher Document ST128.
888. Gergen, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 112.
889. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 114.
890. Gergen, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 113.
891. Hearings, August 7, p.114
892. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 62.
893. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 62.
894. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 63.
895. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 63.
896. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 68.
897. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 68.
898. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 69.
899. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 69.
900. Hearings, August 7, 145-146
901. White House Document Z 000514.
902. White House Document Z 000514.
903. White House Document Z 000515.
904. Burton, 8/7/95 Hrg. pp. 107-108.
905. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 123.
906. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 53; Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 63.
907. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. p. 126.
908. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 52.
909. McLarty, 8/7/95 Hrg. pp. 126-127.
910. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 53.
911. S. Hrg. 8/7/95, p.128
912. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 117.
913. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 53.
914. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 53.
915. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. pp. 56-57.
916. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 54.
917. Department of Justice Document GRO466.
918. White House document S020921.
919. Department of Treasury document dated 12/07/95.
920. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg., p. 80.
921. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 28-30.
922. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 30.
923. Hubbell, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 123.
924. Hubbell 6/4/96 Dep. p. 22.
925. Hubbell, 6/4/96 Dep. p. 23.
926. Hubbell, 6/4/96 Dep. pp. 32-33.
927. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. pp. 54-55.
928. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 55.
929. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 107.
930. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 55.
931. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 56.
932. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 248.
933. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 148.; Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 252-253.
934. Justice Department Document FBI-0000009.
935. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. pp. 56-57.
936. Heymann, 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 58.
937. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 128.
938. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 101.
939. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 128-129.
940. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 128-129.
941. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. pp. 128-129.
942. House Document CGEPR0563.
943. Report of the Independent Counsel In Re Vincent W. Foster Jr., June 30, 1994 [hereinafter "Fiske Report"], p. 12, reprinted in I Hearings before the Committee Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on the Death of Vincent W. Foster, Jr. [hereinafter "Foster Hearings"], p. 187.
944. House document CGE12287.
945. House document CGE12287.
946. Hubbell, 2/7/96 Hrg. p. 46.
947. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000481.
948. Hearings before the Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater Development Corporation and Related Matters, administered by the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, U.S. Senate, on the Inquiry into whether Improper Conduct Occurred Regarding the Way in which White House Officials Handled Documents in the Office of White House Deputy Counsel Vincent W. Foster, Jr., 104th Cong., 1st Sess., July 18, 1995 - August 10, 1995 [hereinafter "S. Hrg."], 8/8/95 p. 28; Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000482.
949. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 79.
950. Williams & Connolly Document DKSN000518.
951. Seidman, II Foster Hearings, p. 1794.
952. White House Document S9210.
953. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 10.
954. Hubbell, 2/7/96 Hrg. p. 46.
955. Blair, 2/19/96 Dep. p. 79.
956. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 157-159.
957. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 157-159.
958. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 164.
959. Report of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, on the Communications between Officials of the White House and the U.S. Department of the Treasury or the Resolution Trust Corporation, January 3, 1995, [hereinafter Treasury Contacts Report], p. 3.
960. Treasury Contacts Report, p. 3 & n. 7.
961. IX Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, White House Production, pp. 1447-1449.
962. IX Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, White House Production, pp. 1450-1455.
963. Foren, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 20.
964. Foren, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 23.
965. Bowles, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 24.
966. Bowles, 11/28/95 Hrg. p. 24.
967. Shepperson, 11/28/95 Hrg. pp. 23-24.
968. White House Document S12334.
969. II Foster Hearings, p. 1794.
970. II Foster Hearings, p. 1794.
971. II Foster Hearings p. 1794.
972. II Foster Hearings p. 1794.
973. S. Hrg., 7/20/95 p. 20; Braun, 6/19/95 Dep. pp. 24-25, 121; Rolla, 6/20/95 Dep. pp. 54-55.
974. Rolla, 7/20/95 Hrg. pp. 31-32.
975. Hines, 7/20/95 Hrg. p. 25; Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. pp. 28-29, 33.
976. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. pp. 73-74; Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 41-42; See also, White House Document Z000139.
977. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. pp. 73-74; Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 67.
978. Gergen, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 29-30.
979. Gearan, 7/6/95 Dep. p. 48.
980. Hubbell, 7/13/95 Dep. pp. 49-51.
981. House Document CGE 12287.
982. House Document CGE 12287.
983. White House Document Z000139.
984. White House Document Z000450.
985. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 199.
986. House Document CGE 12287.
987. Thomasson, 7/25/95 Hrg. p. 205.
988. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 154.
989. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 56.
990. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 57-58.
991. Thomases, 7/17/95 Dep. p. 60.
992. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 22.
993. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 23.
994. Anderson, 7/31/95 Dep. Exh. 1.
995. Anderson, 7/24/95 Dep. pp. 63, 77.
996. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24; 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 42.
997. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 178-179; Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 32
998. Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 34-35; Margolis 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 179.
999. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. pp. 39-41; Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 132.
1000. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 179.
1001. Justice Department Document F000166.
1002. Justice Department Document FBI-129.
1003. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 179.
1004. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24.
1005. Bell Atlantic Document (not numbered); Williams & Connolly Document 001; White House Document Z 000647.
1006. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 142.
1007. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 112; 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 75.
1008. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 64.
1009. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 68.
1010. Transcript of Interview, ABC News 20/20, 1/12/96.
1011. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 112; 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 75.
1012. House Document CGE12287.
1013. Castleton, 6/27/95 Dep. pp. 139-140.
1014. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document ST 000002.
1015. Swidler & Berlin Document (unnumbered).
1016. White House Documents Z000350-Z000351.
1017. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 157-159.
1018. Wright, 1/26/96 Dep. p. 164.
1019. II Foster Hearings p. 1794.
1020. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 1.
1021. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 1.
1022. Swidler & Berlin Document (unnumbered)
1023. Letter from Abner J. Mikva, Counsel to the President, to Hon. William F. Clinger, Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform & Oversight, August 30, 1995, p. 2.
1024. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 17.
1025. White House Document Z 001109; White House Document Z 001123.
1026. White House Documents Z 001110 - Z 001117.
1027. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 60.
1028. Gorham 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 70.
1029. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 19.
1030. Spafford, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 22-23.
1031. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 30-31.
1032. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. p. 31.
1033. Nussbaum, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 12.
1034. S. Hrg. 8/1/95 p. 31.
1035. Hines, 6/21/95 Dep. p. 83.
1036. Markland, 6/28/95 Dep. pp. 251-252.
1037. Burton, 7/5/95 Dep. p. 184.
1038. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 230-231.
1039. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 13-14.
1040. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 237.
1041. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 220-221.
1042. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 182.
1043. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 15.
1044. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 184.
1045. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 14-15.
1046. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 141.
1047. Nussbaum, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 407-408.
1048. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 287-288.
1049. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 174.
1050. FBI Documents FBI-00000018 - FBI 00000044.
1051. Neuwirth, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 102-103.
1052. Justice Department Documents A139-A141.
1053. White House Document Z 1148.
1054. See, e.g, Ann Devroy, Clinton Finds No Explanation to Aide's Death; Probes Continuing on Apparent Suicide, Wash. Post, July 23, 1993, p. A4.
1055. See, e.g., Frank J. Murray, White House Plays Down Suicide Probe, Wash. Times, July 23, 1993, p. A7; Ann Devroy, Clinton Finds No Explanation to Aide's Death; Probes Continuing on Apparent Suicide, Wash. Post, July 23, 1993, p. A4; Thomas L. Friedman, White House Aide Leaves No Clue About Suicide, N.Y. Times, July 22, 1993, p. A1; Ruth Marcus, Ann Devroy, Clintons Mystified by Aide's Death; Staff Shaken by Apparent Suicide, Wash. Post, July 22, 1993.
1056. Department of Justice Document GRO466.
1057. White House document S020921.
1058. Department of Treasury document dated 12/07/95.
1059. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg., p. 80.
1060. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 28-30.
1061. Thomases, 5/14/96 Hrg., p. 30.
1062. Hubbell, 6/4/96 Dep. pp. 32-33.
1063. Hubbell 6/4/96 Dep. p. 22.
1064. Hubbell, 6/4/96 Dep. p. 23.
1065. Hubbell, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 123.
1066. Hubbell, 6/4/96 Dep. pp. 32-33.
1067. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 154.
1068. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 112.
1069. O'Neill, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 23-24.
1070. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 57.
1071. Williams, 11/2/95 Hrg, p. 16.
1072. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 57.
1073. Williams, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 17.
1074. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 88.
1075. Williams, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 21.
1076. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 58.
1077. Willkie Farr & Gallagher Document 000001-000006.
1078. Quinn, 7/15/95 Dep. p. 7; Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 177.
1079. Williams, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 25.
1080. Treasury Document (unnumbered).
1081. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 240.
1082. Gorham, 8/1/95 Hrg. pp. 16-17.
1083. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. p. 220-221.
1084. Nussbaum, 9/16/95 Dep. p. 238.
1085. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 183-184.
1086. Castleton, 8/3/95 Hrg. pp. 13-14.
1087. Williams, 7/26/95 Hrg. pp. 306.
1088. Huber, 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 23.
1089. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. pp. 150-151, 170.
1090. Nussbaum, 7/13/95 Dep. p. 407-408.
1091. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg., p. 132.
1092. Thomases, 12/18/95 Hrg. pp. 46-47.
1093. Thomases, 7/17/95 Dep. p. 60.
1094. Bell Atlantic Records (unnumbered).
1095. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 64.
1096. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 142.
1097. Neuwirth, 7/10/95 Dep. p. 112; 8/3/95 Hrg. p. 75.
1098. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 68.
1099. Williams & Connolly Document 001.
1100. White House Document Z 000647.
1101. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 52.
1102. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 57.
1103. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 95.
1104. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 99.
1105. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 52.
1106. Treasury Document (unnumbered).
1107. White House Document Z001247.
1108. Williams, 7/7/95 Dep. p. 145.
1109. Thomases, 8/8/95 Hrg. p. 193.
1110. Thomases, 11/2/95 Hrg. p. 72.
1111. Treasury Contacts Report, p. 206.
1112. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 57.
1113. Mathews, 7/25/95 Hrg. pp. 73-74; Mathews, 6/27/95 Dep. p. 67.
1114. White House Document Z000139.
1115. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 128-129, 174.
1116. Heymann, 7/21/95 Dep. p. 24; 8/2/95 Hrg. p. 41-42.
1117. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. pp. 178-179.
1118. Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 94; Adams, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 35 ("I think as I have just described, the agreement was that David and I would look at each file and determine relevance or -- or determine relevance first of all.")
1119. Hume, 6/29/95 Dep. p. 68.
1120. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. pp. 120-121.
1121. Margolis, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 179; Adams, 7/27/95 Hrg. p. 95.
1122. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 60.
1123. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 174.
1124. Nussbaum, 7/12/95 Dep. p. 174-175.
1125. Nussbaum, 8/9/95 Hrg. p. 127-128.
1126. Nussbaum, 8/10/95 Hrg. p. 19.


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